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Since it was discovered, a group of scientists have been working hard to figure out more secrets about one of the three mysterious holes that were spotted in Siberia last July. The scientists have new information about the mysterious crater on the Yamal Peninsula in Northern Siberia, which will hopefully help find where the holes came from.

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The scientists succeeded to reach the bottom of the newly-formed crater and made it back with some amazing pictures. The hole was believed to be formed in September 2013; there are many theories about the way this and other similar phenomenon were formed.

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (1)

Actually, this amazing, bizarre hole is not the only one in Siberia. A few weeks later, two other craters with mysterious sources were found relatively nearby.

Speculations as to what caused the crater include meteorite impact, weapons testing and even aliens taking soil samples! Moreover, believe it or not, there may be a connection between the holes and the infamous Bermuda Triangle. After the scientists discovered the first Yamal crater, they took some soil, water, and air samples to examine them. There were a variety of explanations thrown around for how the mysterious sinkhole came to be.

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (2)

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Obviously, these holes weren’t man-made and most likely, not extraterrestrial. The researchers estimated that global warming and stray missiles could be the reason behind the holes formation. Because the hole is located just 25 miles from the largest gas field in the region, fossil fuel exploration is another cause for the formation.

Possible Explanations About The Holes

Some Russian scientists believe that gas hydrates caused an underground explosion. As it was mentioned above, the largest gas field in the region is located just 25 miles from one of the holes. Gas hydrates are ice-like forms of water containing gas molecules, including methane. This is what may be similar to the Bermuda Triangle phenomenon, because such holes can be found in permafrost regions as well as under the water, scientists say.

Pingo is a dome-shaped mound consisting of a layer of soil over a large core of ice, occurring in permafrost areas. It’s also known as a hydrolaccolith.

In fact, this is the most logical explanation. The region has been clobbered by climate change and the past few years are the warmest they have been in 120,000 years, so when the ice melted away, an expected exposed crater formed. This is what possibly happened as a pocket of gas in the soil became heated and started building pressure.

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (3)

According to The Siberian Times, scientists used a climbing tool to reach the bottom of the hole where they found a frozen lake about 35 feet (10.5) meters below the surface. Because the ground is solid in winter, the researchers chose to decline in this time of the year. With air temperatures at -11˚C (12.2˚F), the researchers climbed 16.5 meters (65 ft) down into the funnel of the crater and onto the frozen lake at the bottom. The frozen lake consisted of gas and water.

What Is The Link Between The Holes And The Bermuda Triangle?

The Russian scientist Igor Yeltsov, deputy head of the Trofimuk Institute, said that both the Siberian hole and the Bermuda Triangle may share the same phenomena. He said:

There is a version that the Bermuda Triangle is a consequence of gas hydrates reactions. They start to actively decompose with methane ice turning into gas. It happens in an avalanche-like way, like a nuclear reaction, producing huge amounts of gas. That makes ocean to heat up and ships sink in its waters mixed with a huge proportion of gas. The same leads to the air to get supersaturated with methane, which makes the atmosphere extremely turbulent and lead to aircraft crashes.”

Scientists from Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum-Gas Geology and Geophysics assume that heat from below the surface due to geological fault lines and above the surface because of warm climate conditions led to a massive release of gas hydrates, which cause underground explosions in a similar manner that eruptions under the Atlantic Ocean have possibly led to the Bermuda triangle phenomenon.

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (4)

However, Vladimir Pushkarev, the director of the Russian Centre of Arctic Exploration claimed that the scientists are still collecting information about the hole, which was easy to descend, because of the solid ice around it. He said:

I’ve heard about this Bermuda Triangle idea, but I repeat, our scientists need to work on materials first and only then draw some definite conclusions. At the moment we don’t have enough information.”

The Siberian Times also reported:

“The mysterious holes are believed to be the first sign of warming atmospheric temperatures causing the escape of the volatile greenhouse gas from the frozen tundra’s permafrost.”

The amazing photos below were taken by Pushkarev, showing almost all the parts of Yamal Peninsula hole:

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (5)

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (6)

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (7)

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (8)

Mysterious Siberian Craters  (9)

 

Sources:

(1) The Siberian Times

(2) IFL Science

(3) io9.com

(4) Photos Credits: Vladimir Pushkarev/Russian Centre of Arctic Exploration


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