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Some Doctors Don’t Believe In This Disease Yet It Predisposes Many Diseases

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mitoThe tragic case of Justina Pelletier has been in the news quite a bit lately.  Justina Pelletier is the teen (14 when her ordeal started, 15 now) who is at the center of a nasty custody battle between her parents and Boston Children’s Hospital. Boston Children’s Hospital and the Massachusetts Department of Children and Families have taken custody of Justina, against the will of her parents, because they assert that Justina’s health problems are psychosomatic and that Justina’s parents are guilty of medical abuse. Justina’s parents, on the other hand, assert that Boston Children’s Hospital has kidnapped their daughter and that Justina is in need of medical care for her mitochondrial disorder.

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Hundreds of news stories and blog posts have been written about Justina’s case.  One of the best articles that I’ve read about the horrible, tragic situation that Justina is caught in the middle of is “A Medical Collision with a Child in the Middle” in The Boston Globe.  The Boston Globe article, and many others, have given a good overview of Justina’s situation, but they have given very little information about the condition which Justina’s parents say she has and the Boston Children’s Hospital doctors deny exists – mitochondrial disease.

This post is to give some basic, introductory information about mitochondrial disease – a topic that most journalists and bloggers who have been writing about the case have glossed over, and a topic that some of the doctors in Justine’s case are woefully ignorant of.  (A doctor who Justine Pelletier sought help from “didn’t believe” in mitochondrial diseases)

Mitochondria 101

Mitochondria are the energy centers of the cells.  They are found in almost every cell in the human body and they produce more than 90% of cellular energy through the generation of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate).  Mitochondria also play key roles in cellular processes including “calcium, copper and iron homeostatis; heme and iron-sulfer cluster assembly; synthesis of pyrimidines and steroids; thermogenesis and fever response; and calcium signaling” (1) and additionally produce ROS (reactive oxygen species) (2), which play key roles in regulating and determining apoptosis (programmed cell death), as well as signaling communication between cells and tissues.  (3)   Mitochondria have their own DNA, mtDNA, which is separate from the nuclear DNA of the cell.  Proper function of mitochondria is vital for all areas of health.

A hallmark of mitochondrial dysfunction is crippling fatigue and exhaustion.  Because mitochondria are the energy centers of cells, when they are not operating properly patients are unable to do things that require energy.  It is an organic, physical lack of energy, not a choice not to get out of bed or run around the block.

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Mito Action lists poor growth, loss of muscle coordination, muscle weakness, neurological problems, seizures, autism, visual and/or hearing problems, developmental delays, learning disabilities, heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, GI disorders, diabetes, increased risk of infection, thyroid dysfunction, adrenal dysfunction, autonomic dysfunction and neuropsychological changes as symptoms of mitochondrial diseases.

When mitochondria are not functioning properly, multiple disease states can ensue.  According to Dr. Richard Boles, Director of the Metabolic and Mitochondrial Disorders Clinic at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles:

“these are partial defects. Mitochondrial dysfunction doesn’t really cause anything, what it does is predisposes towards seemingly everything. It’s one of many risk factors in multifactorial disease. It can predispose towards epilepsy, chronic fatigue, and even autism, but it doesn’t do it alone. It does it in combination with other factors, which is why in a family with a single mutation going through the family, everyone in the family is affected in a different way. Because it predisposes for disease throughout the entire system.” (source:  Hormones Matter)

It makes sense that when the energy centers of cells are not functioning properly, the body starts to shut down, and when the body shuts down on a cellular level, multi-symptom, diffuse illnesses result.

Mitochondrial Diseases

There are three basic categories of mitochondrial disease:  1)  Diseases that are recognized as verified mitochondrial diseases, 2)  Diseases that there is a large amount of evidence that links them to mitochondrial dysfunction, but are not generally recognized as mitochondrial diseases, and 3)  Diseases that are indirectly related to mitochondrial function.

The first category of mitochondrial diseases, those that are verified and acknowledged as mitochondrial diseases include:

  1.  Progressive External Opthalmoplegia
  2. Alper’s Syndrome
  3. Leigh’s Syndrome
  4. Friedrich’s Ataxia

These diseases are matrilineally inherited (mtDNA is passed down through the mother) and involve recognized mtDNA mutations.  The prognosis for many with these diseases is, sadly, poor, and there are “currently no pharmaceutical cures for any mitochondrial diseases.”  (3)   “Although individually rare, diseases caused by mtDNA and nDNA mutations are estimated to collectively have an incidence of ~1/4000 individuals.”  (1)  Interestingly, “a number of human mitochondrial genetic diseases that are clinically discreet are being diagnosed at unexpected rates.”  (4)  A possible explanation for an unexpected increase in hereditary mitochondrial diseases is that some of the environmental toxicants and pharmaceuticals that damage mitochondria have been shown to deplete mtDNA (5), and that depleted mtDNA may be passed from a mother on to a child.

The second category of mitochondrial diseases are diseases that are typically categorized as “mysterious diseases” of modernity.  These diseases have increased in prevalence significantly over the past 50 years.  They are controversial and their existence is denied by many.  Patients suffering from these diseases struggle to have their health problems acknowledged as having a physical cause, and are often accused of making things up or having a somatoform disorder, “a psychiatric condition when a person experiences physical pain for which no known medical explanation can be found.”   The exact cause of these diseases is officially unknown and there are many theories as to their origins.  There is much evidence, however, that these diseases at least feature, and are possibly (probably) caused by, mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress (which occurs in mitochondria as a result of mitochondrial stress, damage or injury).

  1. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome / Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) (6, 7)
  2. Fibromyalgia (8, 9, 10)
  3. Gulf War Syndrome (11)
  4. Autism (12, 13, 14)
  5. Fluoroquinolone Toxicity Syndrome and adverse reactions to other mitochondria damaging prescription drugs (15, 16, 17)
  6. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (18)

All of the sources linked to are peer-reviewed.  Yet, these diseases are still woefully under-acknowledged and people, including doctors, seem to feel that they are at liberty to “not believe” in them.

There are a couple of reasons for disbelief in these diseases.  First, tests do not currently exist which can reliably determine the existence of these diseases.  An unfortunately common attitude in medicine is, “if it doesn’t show up on the tests, it doesn’t exist.”  Second, they are diseases of modernity, so there is little history from which to gather information on them.

The link between these mysterious diseases and mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress has been ignored.  This intentional ignorance is likely caused by the notion that if it is admitted that mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress are the causes of these diseases, the question may be asked, “what causes mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress?”  The answer is one that doctors, and anyone else who believes that the current medical system causes more good than harm, doesn’t want to admit – pharmaceuticals and environmental toxins are the causes of mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress. (1, 20) Chemicals in our drugs and in our environment are causing damage to our mitochondria, which are, in turn, causing multi-symptom, chronic, mysterious illnesses that afflict millions of people.

Offending drugs that cause mitochondrial damage include bactericidal antibiotics (15), statins (17), chemotherapy drugs (1), acetaminophen (4), metformin (a diabetes drug) (19), and others.  Disease states caused by chemical harm to mitochondria are often delayed and can involve a threshold of harm to the mitochondria (4), so it is often difficult to connect the mitochondria damaging chemical to the disease state.

The third category of mitochondrial diseases are those that are indirectly related to mitochondrial function.  Per a Review entitled, “Medication-induced Mitochondrial Damage and Disease,” the following diseases are related to mitochondrial damage:

“Damage to mitochondria is now understood to play a role in the pathogenesis of a wide range of seemingly unrelated disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disease, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, migraine headaches, strokes, neuropathic pain, Parkinson’s disease, ataxia, transient ischemic attack, cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, retinitis pigmentosa, diabetes, hepatitis C, and primary biliary cirrhosis.”

These diseases are often associated with old age (1) but they are afflicting younger and younger people over the past couple of decades.

The Regulatory Agencies are Failing to Protect our Mitochondria

Seeing as mitochondrial health is related to almost every chronic disease there is, it wouldn’t be too much to expect for the FDA and EPA to regularly look at the effects of drugs and environmental toxins on mitochondria when determining the safety of drugs and chemicals that humans come into contact with.  However, “mitochondrial toxicity testing is still not required by the US FDA for drug approval.”  (20)  The researchers who wrote the review entitled “Mitochondria as a Target of Environmental Toxicants” in 2013, noted that, “The existence of so many mitochondrial diseases illustrates the critical importance of maintenance of mitochondrial and mtDNA integrity for health.  It also raises an important question with implications for environment-mediated mitochondrial toxicity: Why did it take us so long to realize that many diseases are in fact mitochondrial diseases?” (1)  Good question.

Ignorance surrounding mitochondrial diseases can be explained by noting the following:

  1.  Mitochondria are a strange mix of vulnerable and resistant to assaults.  All sorts of drugs and chemicals damage mitochondria, and mtDNA is far more vulnerable to damage than nuclear DNA.  However, damage to mitochondria does not manifest itself in a disease state until a certain threshold of damage has occurred.  So, an individual can tolerate a certain amount of a mtDNA depleting drug, like Cipro/Ciprofloxacin (21), until their mtDNA is depleted sufficiently, then disease states will ensue. (4)
  2. The onset of diseases caused by mitochondrial damage are often delayed for days, months or even years after the offending chemical has done damage.  (4)
  3. Inertia.  The role of mitochondria in health has been ignored for years.  It would require a paradigm shift for medical professionals to start noticing mitochondrial dysfunction.  And if they start noticing mitochondrial dysfunction, they might start to realize that their drugs are the cause of the dysfunctional mitochondria.  (1, 20)
  4. There is very little that Western Medicine can do to fix mitochondrial dysfunction.  (1)  Rather than admit that there is nothing that they can do to fix the problem, those in the medical system deny that there is a problem.
  5. GREED, CORRUPTION and INFLUENCE.  The FDA and the EPA don’t require testing of drugs or environmental toxicants on mitochondria because the results would be incriminating, and those who would be incriminated have a massive amount of money and power.  It’s pretty simple, actually.

The ignorant, foolish doctor who “didn’t believe in mitochondrial disease” may want to note that:

“Mitochondrial function and behavior are central to the physiology of humans and, consequently, ‘mitochondrial dysfunction’ has been implicated in a wide range of diseases that encompass all aspects of medicine.”  (3)

It is time for those in the medical profession to stop ignoring the role of mitochondria in modern, chronic diseases.  The answers to preventing and fixing modern, chronic illnesses lie in the mitochondria.  Neither the questions nor the answers may be pleasant or convenient, but they are true and honest ones.  Cells don’t lie.  And the evidence against pharmaceutical and environmental toxicants that damage mitochondria is damning.

Post Script:  The author’s mitochondria were damaged by a prescription antibiotic, Cipro/Ciprofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic.  Her blog, describing her story, and road to healing, is www.floxiehope.com.

Peer Reviewed Sources: 

  1. Toxicological Sciences, “Mitochondria as a Target of Environmental Toxicants
  2. Biochemical Society Transactions, “Mitochondrial Matirix Reactive Oxygen Species Production is Very Sensitive to Mild Uncoupling
  3. Cell, “Mitochondria:  In Sickness and In Health
  4. Molecular Interventions, “Mechanisms of Pathogenesis in Drug Hepatotoxicity Putting the Stress on Mitochondria
  5. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, “Calcium Signals are Affected by Ciprofloxacin as a Consequence of Reduction of Mitochondrial DNA Content in Jurkat Cells
  6. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, “Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Mitochondrial Dysfunction
  7. Journal of Internal Medicine, “Chronic fatigue syndrome: assessment of increased oxidative stress and altered muscle excitability in response to incremental exercise
  8. Muscle and Nerve, “Mitochondrial Myopathy Mimicking Fibromyalgia Syndrome
  9. The Journal of Rheumatology.  Supplement., “The Muscle in Fibromyalgia – A Review of Swedish Studies
  10. PLoS One, “Clinical Symptoms in Fibromyalgia Are Better Associated to Lipid Peroxidation Levels in Blood Mononuclear Cells Rather than in Plasma
  11. Nature Precedings, “Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Injury in Chronic Multisymptom Conditions: From Gulf War Illness to Autism Spectrum Disorder
  12. Pathophysiology, “Oxidative Stress in Autism
  13. Journal of Childhood Neurology, “Developmental Regression and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in a Child with Autism”
  14. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, “Evidence of Toxicity, Oxidative Stress, and Neuronal Insult in Autism
  15. Science Translational Medicine, “Bactericidal Antibiotics Induce Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Oxidative Damage in Mammalian Cells
  16. Journal of Young Pharmacists, “Oxidative Stress Induced by Fluoroquinolones on Treatment for Complicated Urinary Tract Infections in Indian Patients
  17. American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs, “Statin Adverse Effects: A Review of the Literature and Evidence for a Mitochondrial Mechanism
  18. BMC Medicine, “Chronic fatigue syndrome: Harvey and Wessely’s (bio)psychosocial model versus a bio(psychosocial) model based on inflammatory and oxidative and nitrosative stress pathways
  19. Biochemical Journal, “Metformin inhibits mitochondrial permeability transition and cell death: a pharmacological in vitro study
  20. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, “Medication Induced Mitochondrial Damage and Disease
  21. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, “Calcium Signals Are Affected by Ciprofloxacin as a Consequence of Reduction of Mitochondrial DNA Content in Jurkat Cells

Free Franco DeNicola Screening: The Shift In Consciousness

We interviewed Franco DeNicola about what is happening with the shift in consciousness. It turned out to be one of the deepest and most important information we pulled out within an interview.

We explored why things are moving a little more slowly with the shift at times, what is stopping certain solutions from coming forward and the important role we all play.

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Boy or Girl – Baby Gender Selection Issues

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Some parents have the possibility to opt for gender selection; however, being able to decide whether to have a baby boy or girl is a controversial issue.

Many couples expecting a baby do not think it’s a big issue whether they have a boy or a girl; however there are several medical, social, and personal reasons that could influence parents to recur to some form of gender selection.

Like many other controversial practices, the legality of gender selection, also known as sex selection, varies from country to country.

The Legality of Baby Gender Selection

The United States has perhaps some of the most relaxed laws regarding baby gender selection in the world. Most European countries and Australia, on the other hand, have bans on sex selection and only allow it for medical reasons. For example, if a parent is a carrier of a mutation or gene with more chances of manifesting itself in a certain gender, baby gender selection is valid. However, if parents simply wish to balance the ratio of boys and girls in their family, they are not allowed to recur to sex selection.

This has generated a form of medical tourism in which couples from countries where gender selection is illegal, like the UK, travel to the US in order to be able to choose whether to have a baby boy or girl.

On the other hand, sex selection is illegal in the two most populated countries on Earth, China and India. In these countries, baby gender selection has been performed clandestinely for many years and for reasons other than family balancing or avoiding genetic diseases. In these societies, having a baby boy is preferred mainly for cultural and economic reasons. Parents believe that boys have better chances of earning income and eventually support them when they reach an old age.

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Methods of Baby Gender Selection

There are two major types of gender selection methods: the first one is called sperm sorting, and involves separating X-chromosome sperm from Y-chromosome sperm by flow cytometry, a purification technique in which chromosomes are suspended in a stream of sperm and identified by an electronic detector before being separated. Intra-uterine insemination or in-vitro fertilization can then be performed with the enriched sperm. The success rates for this method vary from 80% to 93%.

The other method, called pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, consists in generating several embryos through in-vitro fertilization, which are then genetically tested to determine a baby’s gender. The chosen embryos can then be implanted. This method has a success rate of almost 100%; however, it can be quite expensive, costing up to $15,000.

Issues Regarding Baby Gender Selection

While there are few objections against baby gender selection when it is performed for medical reasons, it has become a highly controversial issue when it is used for balancing the number of boys or girls in families. Some people raise the obvious ethical question of whether people who opt for gender selection are “playing God” by manipulating whether to have a baby boy or girl. Others believe that new parents will raise a baby more appropriately if he or she belongs to their preferred gender.

Gender Imbalance Caused by Baby Gender Selection

Gender selection has caused demographic concern in China and India since it has contributed to generate a gender imbalance in the populations of those countries. In some regions of China, for example, the sex ratio for newborns is 118:100, boys to girls. This phenomenon has in turn been associated with social problems such as an increase in violence and prostitution.

It seems like a logical solution for governments around the globe to legalize baby gender selection but to analyze the personal reasons why each couple intends to select a baby boy or girl. Gender selection for medical reasons should even be encouraged, since it could prevent serious genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis, Huntington’s disease, and Haemophilia A. Balancing the gender ratio of a family should be accepted if by doing this, a healthy family environment is created. On the other hand, China and India have shown that baby gender selection as a result of a bias towards a particular gender can not only create a gender imbalance in the population, but contribute to social problems as well.

Free Franco DeNicola Screening: The Shift In Consciousness

We interviewed Franco DeNicola about what is happening with the shift in consciousness. It turned out to be one of the deepest and most important information we pulled out within an interview.

We explored why things are moving a little more slowly with the shift at times, what is stopping certain solutions from coming forward and the important role we all play.

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Organic Certification: What the USDA Organic Label Means

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Organic and natural labels mean different things, and various types of labels tells you what percentage of ingredients are actually organic. We'll explore what to look for.

  • Reflect On:

    Do you sometimes buy products thinking they are organic or fully natural based on their wording? Have you later found out that those products aren't natural or organic at all? Read labels more closely at grocery stores to be aware.

Don’t get conned by fraudulent claims of “natural” or “organic.” Learn what to look for, and why it’s important, to ensure you’re getting the quality you are paying for.

The industrial age of the 20th century brought about changing agricultural practices that have generated increasing alarm about the effects of these practices on the environment and health. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, antibiotics, hormones, irradiated and genetically altered food and fiber products has created a groundswell of rightful concern. It has led to the growing demand for non-toxic, organic products that many are willing to pay a higher price for to ensure the healthful purity of food and clothing provided for their families.

With such profit opportunities, it’s little wonder that the lucrative organic product market has suffered abuse with so-called “organic” labels being fraudulently placed on products that have not earned the right. As a result of pressure from farming and consumer groups, legislation for the standardization of organic certification was introduced in the 1980s. It has been updated to include more vigorous enforcement and control methods since, with the current standards established in 2002 by the USDA.

The Standards of USDA Organic Certification

Specific standards must be met in order to legally claim a product as USDA certified organic. Organic producers must utilize methods that conserve water, maximize soil health, and reduce air pollution. The specific standards to earn USDA organic certification include:

Free of synthetic chemicals such as insecticides, herbicides, fertilizers, hormones, antibiotics, and additives

Free from irradiation and genetically modified organisms

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Agricultural products grown on land that has been free of prohibited substances for a period of three years

Animals used for meat, eggs, milk or other animal products must be exclusively fed foods that are organically grown, may not be given antibiotics or hormones, and must have access to outdoors.

Clean and sanitized harvesting and processing equipment throughout the process from harvest to finished, packaged product

Detailed chain-of-handling records from the field through final sales

Physical separation of certified organic products from non-organic products throughout the process of production

Regular on-site inspections from USDA-approved inspectors to ensure compliance

Understanding the Certified Organic Label

Once the rigorous process of certification has been completed, organic producers may place the USDA certified organic seal on their products. Currently, there are four levels of certified organic products, with a specific definition of the percentage of organic ingredients the final products contains. They are as follows:

• 100% organic: all production methods and ingredients are USDA certified organic.

• Organic: at least 95% of the production methods and ingredients are USDA certified organic with remaining ingredients included on the National List of allowed ingredients.

• Made With Organic Ingredients: at least 70% of the ingredients are USDA certified organic with remaining ingredients included on the National List of allowed ingredients.

• No organic wording or seal: less than 70% of the ingredients are USDA certified organic and no claims may be made on the front or back of the product.

Manufacturers or producers who knowingly label a product “organic” when it does not meet the USDA standards are subject to fines up to $11,000 per violation.

Why Organic Certification is Important

When you see the official USDA organic certification seal on food, clothing, and bedding products, you can be assured that these products have met the meticulous standards required and are free of chemicals, toxins, antibiotics, and hormones. When you see the USDA certified organic label, you will understand the value of the higher priced organic products as compared to non-organically produced products.

With the current stringent organic certification requirements enforced by regular inspections from USDA accredited agents, the USDA certified organic label has great meaning and importance to the consumer. Look for the label to know that you are getting the quality you are paying for.

Free Franco DeNicola Screening: The Shift In Consciousness

We interviewed Franco DeNicola about what is happening with the shift in consciousness. It turned out to be one of the deepest and most important information we pulled out within an interview.

We explored why things are moving a little more slowly with the shift at times, what is stopping certain solutions from coming forward and the important role we all play.

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WHO Finds Global Lack Of Inactivity Rising Especially In Wealthier Countries — What You Can Do

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Inactivity is on the rise and it's the cause of a wide range of health concerns. Our population is only becoming more inactive, not less, and it's time to change that.

  • Reflect On:

    There are many factors of our modern world that make us less active. Our jobs, driving rather than walking/biking, too much screen time. What can you do differently to bring more activity into your life? What story stops you from starting?

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than a quarter of the entire population on this planet are not getting enough physical exercise, this number has barely improved since 2001. There are many factors that contribute to this, but just how much damage are we doing by failing to be active?

The lack of physical exercise raises the risk of many health problems, such as heart disease, type-2 diabetes and various types of cancers.

Interestingly, according to their study published in The Lancet Global Health, higher income countries, such as the UK, were among the least active population. Women were also found to be more sedentary throughout the world, excluding two regions in Asia.

The study looked at self-reported data on activity levels from 358 population based surveys covering 168 countries and included 1.9 million people.

The populations of higher income countries, which include the UK and USA showed an increase in the proportion of inactive people and had actually risen from 32% in 2001 to 37% in 2016, in the lower income countries it remained at 16%.

Those who were classified as inactive did less than 150 minutes of moderate exercise and around 75 minutes of intense activity per week.

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It was found that women were less active than men overall, except for in South and Central Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and higher-income Western countries. The authors believe that this was caused by a few different factors including extra childcare duties and cultural perspectives that may have made it more difficult for them to exercise.

Why More Inactivity In Wealthier Countries?

According to the researchers, in the wealthier countries, many of the jobs have transitioned to more office or desk jobs, meaning a more sedentary type of lifestyle. On top of that much of the population of these countries drive automobiles or take public transit to and from work which in many cases accounts for a lot of their time.

In the lower income countries, many of the jobs require the people to be more active, are physically demanding and people often have to walk to and from their jobs.

The WHO has had a goal to reduce the global levels of inactivity by 10% by 2025, the authors of the study feel that at the rate we are currently going, this target will be missed.

Lead author of the study, Dr. Regina Guthold said, “Unlike other major global health risks, levels of insufficient physical activity are not falling worldwide, on average, and over a quarter of all adults are not reaching the recommended levels of physical activity for good health.”

Regions with increasing levels of insufficient physical activity are a major concern for public health and the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases.”

Co-author, Dr. Fiona Bull added, “Addressing these inequalities in physical activity levels between men and women will be critical to achieving global activity targets and will require interventions to promote and improve women’s access to opportunities that are safe, affordable and culturally acceptable.”

According to the WHO,

Exercise guidelines for 19- to 64-year-olds

How much?

  • at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity every week
  • strength exercises on two or more days a week that work all the major muscles
  • break up long periods of sitting with light activity

What is moderate aerobic activity?

  • Walking fast, water aerobics, riding a bike on level ground or with a few hills, doubles tennis, pushing a lawn mower, hiking, skateboarding, rollerblading, volleyball, basketball

What counts as vigorous activity?

  • Jogging or running, swimming fast, riding a bike fast or on hills, singles tennis, football, rugby, skipping rope, hockey, aerobics, gymnastics, martial arts

What activities strengthen muscles?

  • lifting weights, working with resistance bands, doing exercises that use your own body weight, such as push-ups and sit-ups, heavy gardening, such as digging and shovelling, yoga

What activities are both aerobic and muscle-strengthening?

  • circuit training, aerobics, running, football, rugby, netball, hockey

Final Thoughts

I was surprised to see that the WHO didn’t touch on inactivity due to too much screen time — watching television, Netflix, Facebook scrolling, messaging, texting, browsing etc. Certainly, the increase in screen time plays a roll with the amount of inactivity, especially in the higher income countries. If you are someone who spends too much time staring at a screen, then it is important to consider the above information. Can you limit your screen time and replace it with something active? Or would you consider jumping rope, or rebounding while watching the television? Our health is our greatest wealth and having awareness about an issue is the first way to create change and take responsibility for our lives.

Could you walk or bike to work instead of drive? What about trying a new sport? Could you commit to adding a few hours each week of physical activity? These small decisions could have a profound impact on your health, longevity and overall well-being.

Much Love

Free Franco DeNicola Screening: The Shift In Consciousness

We interviewed Franco DeNicola about what is happening with the shift in consciousness. It turned out to be one of the deepest and most important information we pulled out within an interview.

We explored why things are moving a little more slowly with the shift at times, what is stopping certain solutions from coming forward and the important role we all play.

Watch the interview here.
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