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Your Ancestors Didn’t Sleep Like You – Are We Doing It Wrong?

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Image by ThuyHaBich from Pixabay

Evidence continues to emerge, both scientific and historical, suggesting that the way the majority of us sleep may not actually be good for us.

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In 2001, historian Roger Ekirch of Virginia Tech published a paper that included over 15 years of research. It cited an overwhelming amount of historical evidence revealing that, in fact, humans used to sleep in two different chunks.

In 2005, he published a book titled At Day’s Close: Night in Times Past, which included more than 500 references to a disjointed sleeping pattern. It presented diaries, medical books, literature, and more taken from various sources ranging from Homer’s Odyssey to the sleep habits of modern tribes in Nigeria. “It’s not just the number of references ,” he says, but also “the way they refer to it, as if it was common knowledge.”

What the Research Found

Ekirch’s research found that we didn’t always sleep for an average of eight hours straight. Instead, we would sleep in two shorter periods throughout the night. All sleep would occur within a 12 hour timeframe that began with three or four hours of sleep, followed by a period of wakefulness lasting another three hours or so, and concluding with further sleep until the morning.

There was also some research done in the early 1990s by psychiatrist Thomas Wehr. He conducted an experiment where 15 men were put into complete darkness for 14 hours a day for an entire month. By the fourth week the participants had settled into a very distinct sleeping pattern: the same bimodal sleeping pattern that Ekirch described. The subjects slept for approximately four hours, woke for another few, and then went back to sleep until morning.

Ekirch also discovered when our sleep habits changed, noticing that “references to the first and second sleep started to disappear during the late 17th Century. This started among the urban upper classes in northern Europe and over the course of the next 200 years filtered down to the rest of Western society. By the 1920s the idea of a first and second sleep had receded entirely from our social consciousness.”

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Possible Reasons Why We Slept This Way

One reason could be that this type of segmented sleep is what really comes naturally to the human body. At least, that’s what Wehr’s experiment would suggest, but there are other theories.

As historian Craig Koslofsky writes, “Associations with night before the 17th Century were not good. The night was a place populated by people of disrepute – criminals, prostitutes and drunks. Even the wealthy, who could afford candlelight, had better things to spend their money on. There was no prestige or social value associated with staying up all night.”

Things changed, however, in 1667, when Paris became the first city in the world to light its streets. Eventually staying up at night became the social norm throughout Europe. And then the industrial revolution happened. “People were becoming increasingly time-conscious and sensitive to efficiency, certainly before the 19th Century, but the industrial revolution intensified that attitude by leaps and bounds,” says Ekirch.

Eventually, we got to the point where parents were forcing their children to sleep at a certain time, pushing them away from the segmented sleeping pattern followed previously.

Many Sleeping Problems May Have Roots in the Human Body’s Natural Preference for Segmented Sleep 

Ekirch believes that many modern day sleeping problems have roots in the human body’s natural preference for segmented sleep. He believes that our historical sleeping patterns could explain why many people suffer from a condition called “sleep maintenance insomnia,” where individuals wake in the middle of the night and have trouble getting back to sleep. This type of condition first appeared at the end of the 19th century, at approximately the same time segmented sleep began to die off.

“For most of evolution we slept a certain way,” says sleep psychologist Greg Jacobs. “Waking up during the night is part of normal human physiology.”

“The idea that we must sleep in a consolidated block could be damaging . . . if it makes people who wake up at night anxious, as this anxiety can itself prohibit sleep and is likely to seep into waking life too,” continues Stephanie Hegarty.

According to Russell Foster, a professor of circadian neuroscience at Oxford, “Many people wake up at night and panic . . . [and] I tell them that what they are experiencing is a throwback to the bi-modal sleep pattern.”

Yet most doctors don’t realize that a consolidated eight-hour sleep may be unnatural. “Over 30% of the medical problems that doctors are faced with stem directly or indirectly from sleep. But sleep has been ignored in medical training and there are very few centers where sleep is studied,” Foster says.

As far as what people did during this in-between time of wakefulness, Ekirch’s research suggests that they primarily used the time to meditate on their dreams, read, pray, or partake in spiritual practices.

Related CE Articles:

The Best and Worst Sleeping Positions and How They Affect Your Health 

Alternative Sleep Cycles: 7 – 10 Hours Are Not Needed

How Cumulative Sleep Debt Is Impacting Your Brain Functioning and Alertness

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Corey Feldman To Release Documentary On The ‘Biggest Problem In Hollywood’ – Pedophilia

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Child actor Corey Feldman recently released a trailer for his upcoming documentary "(My) Truth: The Rape of Two Corey's" that is set to expose his experience with pedophilia as a child actor in Hollywood.

  • Reflect On:

    For years this problem has continued, and does today. How does it continue to happen with so much awareness? How much power do these people have? Who are they connected to?

The topic of pedophilia and the trafficking of children has gained a lot of attention within the past year alone, more than we’ve ever seen from the mainstream. This is due in large part to revelations like the entire Jeffrey Epstein/Prince Andrew Saga, which brought even more attention to this issue. Another example is the rampant child porn haring that’s been happening within the Pentagon.

And so there is a growing awareness to the fact that this type of activity is going on in places of high power amongst many people who seem to be above the law. Fortunately we have seen some prosecutions, like the recent conviction of the Vatican’s Cardinal George Pell for sexually abusing children. The list is long. In fact, more details have emerged suggesting that one of Epstein’s main jobs was to entrap high profile people into committing these very types of crimes. You can read more about that specifically here.

Hollywood

When it comes to Hollywood specifically, Harvey Weinstein and recent Kevin Spacey allegations have been responsible for bringing even more awareness to the problem of sexual abuse, and it’s not surprising that Weinstein roamed within the same circles as Epstein, as you can see here.

Smallville actress Allison Mack’s role as a lead member of the NXIVM sex cult also brought attention to the issue. She worked for owner Keith Raniere helping to recruit people into what appeared on the surface to be executive success programs designed to empower people, but within the inner circle was something much different. Raniere was arrested, along with Mack, in March 2018 in Mexico on charges of sex trafficking. This group also has strange connections to the powerful elite, as Billionaire heiress Clare Bronfman was involved, and was indicted on racketeering charges. Rolling Stone reported:

“There are strange political connections as well. Mark Vicente, a documentary filmmaker and former high-ranking member of the group, testified at the trial of NXIVM head Keith Raniere that Clare Bronfman, the billionaire Seagram’s heiress and alleged benefactor of the organization, approached him and a few other members of the group to help her make a contribution to a Clinton campaign.” (source)

So, as you can see, all this is connected in some very strange ways.

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Corey Feldman

A few years ago, one of the biggest child actors of all time, Corey Feldman, gave an interview stating that pedophilia is actually the biggest problem in Hollywood. He’s obviously not the only one from Hollywood who has raised these types of concerns, and he comes from a place of direct experience being one of the biggest child actors of all time.

For a number of years now, he’s been on a mission to expose what’s happening in Hollywood, and what has happened in Hollywood and he’s gone about it very carefully. Now, it’s all culminates in a documentary that’s set to be released on March 9th. During the process, Feldman has been quite outspoken about how hard the process has been, which includes numerous death threats against him and his family and constant requests for him to stop what he’s doing. Obviously there are some very powerful people out there who are afraid of being exposed.

“I can tell you that the number one problem in Hollywood was, and is, and always will be pedophilia. That’s the biggest problem, for children in this industry. . . . It’s all done under the radar . . . it’s the big secret. I was surrounded by them when I was 14 years old . . . they were everywhere, like vultures.” (source)

– Corey Feldman

Since Feldman’s allegations, more victims seem to have come forward. A couple of years ago, the LAPD announced were investigating  28 big name Hollywood moguls for multiple sex crimes. You can read more about that here.

 “Never before has the department received so many sexual assault allegations involving high-profile figures at one time, including many complex cases that are years old with multiple alleged victims.”–LA Times

The trailer for his documentary is below. The title of the documentary is “(My) Truth: The Rape of Two Corey’s,” in memory of his best friend, fellow child star Corey Haim, who has since passed. You can watch a recent interview with Corey and his wife regarding the film, here. And you can follow Corey on twitter for updates, here.

The Issue Goes Much Deeper Based on Our Research

The term “ritual” hasn’t been mentioned in the mainstream. On November 12, 2012 the former Prime Minister of Australia, Julia Gillard, set into motion a Royal Commission to inquire into institutional responses to child abuse. Five years later, in December 2017, the Royal Commission presented its final report to the government, an absolutely damning indictment against institutions that dealt with children, including the Catholic Church. As a result, the current Australian Prime Minister, Scott Morrison, delivered a public apology on October 22, 2018.  You can read more about that story here.

“The crimes of ritual sexual abuse happened in schools, churches, youth groups, scout troops, orphanages, foster homes, sporting clubs, group homes, charities, and in family homes as well.” Australian Prime Minister, Scott Morrison

A paper published in European Psychiatry titled The cremation of care ritual: Burning of effigies or human sacrifice murder? The importance of differentiating complex trauma from schizophrenia in extreme abuse settings” by Dr. Rainer Kurz, explains, a chartered occupational psychologist (Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) at The University of Manchester. Master of Science (MSc) Industrial Psychology at The University of Hull)

In the wake of institutional abuse enquiries and the ‘unbelievable’ child abuse perpetrated by celebrities like Jimmy Saville and Ian Watkins, a ‘new reality’ is setting in that child abuse is pervasive and knows no limits. Reports of elaborate rituals with ‘mock’ human sacrifices at the highly secretive annual ‘Bohemian Grove’ summer festival point towards a pervasive interest in the occult in high society. Mental health professionals have a ‘duty of care’ towards their service users. Unless clear and irrefutable counter-evidence is available it is inappropriate to claim that disclosures of extreme abuse and/or human sacrifice rituals are ‘delusions’ and indicative of Schizophrenia.

When it comes to these pedophile rings and what goes on within them,  the paper linked above cites multiple papers and explains multiple cases:

Epstein, Schwartz & Schwartz (2011) described cases of ‘Forced Impregnation’ by cult members which were followed by Human Sacrifice rituals. They also described UK based abuse groups forced ‘child-on child’ sex abuse salient to the case. Scott (2001) described the casual ease with which some abuse perpetrations torture and kill. 36 survivors completed her survey of whom 34 claimed abuse by members of their immediate family, and 21 by one or both parents. For 34 ritual abuse in childhood involved murder and for 16 involved forced childbirth/abortion. Bekker, Karriker, Overkamp and Rutz (2008) found in their extreme abuse survey that ‘forced impregnation’ by 40 % of 1041 of adult survivors and 33 % of  82 child survivors, and disclosed to 70 percent of 221 professionals bearing witness. Murder of a ‘breeder baby’ by the perpetrators was reported by 26%, 18% and 55% respectively. Witnessing murder by perpetrators was reported 56%, 43% and 77% respectively.

Research eventually led to the Franklin scandal that broke in 1989 when hundreds of children were apparently flown around the US to be abused by high ranking ‘Establishment’ members. Former state senator John W DeCamp, cited as one of the most effective legislators in Nebraska history, is today attorney for two of the abuse victims. A 15 year old girl disclosed that she had been abused since the age of 9 and was exposed since the age of 9 and was exposed to ‘ritual murder’ of a new born girl, a small boy (who was subsequently fried and eaten) and three others. (source)

Related CE Article: Jeffrey Epstein’s Case Raises Questions About Royal Family Pedophilia & Elite Ritualistic Abuse of Children

Our Interview With A Survivor

Anneke Lucas is an author, speaker, advocate for child sex trafficking victims, founder of the non-profit organization Liberation Prison Yoga, and creator of the Unconditional Model.

Her work is based off her 30-year journey to restore her mental and physical wellbeing after surviving some of the worst atrocities known to humankind before the age of 12. Sold as a young child into a murderous pedophile network by her family, she was rescued after nearly six years of abuse and torture.

We recently conducted an interview with her. Below is a clip from the four part series, as it was a very long and detailed interview. You can access the full interview HERE on CETV, a platform we created to help combat internet censorship and allow us to continue to do our work and get the word out about various issues and topics.

This interview goes deep and there’s a good conscious takeaway as to why exposing this type of thing is good, and helps moves humanity forward in several different ways.

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The Nurse Cat From Poland Who Looks After Sick & Injured Animals In A Shelter

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Rademenes is a little black cat that has miraculously escaped death after a very close call caused by an upper-respiratory infection. A few years ago he made headlines when his story got out about how he comforts other sick animals.

  • Reflect On:

    We have so much to learn from animals, and we have no right to abuse them in any way.

This is just a simple heartwarming story to hopefully make your day! Rademenes is a little black cat that has miraculously escaped death after a very close call caused by an upper-respiratory infection. He was originally brought to an animal shelter in Bydgoszcz, a city in Poland, to be euthanized, but against all odds, this little black kitty survived. Now with a second chance at life, Rademenes has decided to give back, and spends his days taking care of other animals in the shelter that he was originally admitted to. Workers at this shelter jokingly call this friendly kitty one of their “full-time nurses,” as he provides love and comfort to sick and injured animals. Read on for more of this heartwarming story!

Rademenes is often seen cuddling up and caring for the sick animals that come into the shelter…

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He is known to spend extra time and give extra attention to those animals that are recovering from surgery.

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What a caring and loving guy! I notice whenever I’m sick or upset, my cats seem to know and give me extra attention.

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veterinary-nurse-cat-hugs-shelter-animals-radamenes-bydgoszcz-poland-8

This furry, black creature will often lick and clean out the ears of the animal patients at the shelter. 

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So sweet…

veterinary-nurse-cat-hugs-shelter-animals-radamenes-bydgoszcz-poland-4

These animals are so lucky to have Rademenes by their side! Hopefully he can continue on providing comfort and love for years to come!

veterinary-nurse-cat-hugs-shelter-animals-radamenes-bydgoszcz-poland-9

Much Love

Source:

http://tvnmeteo.tvn24.pl/informacje-pogoda/polska,28/rademenes-czarny-kot-ktory-przynosiszczescie-chorym-zwierzetom,162731,1,0.html

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Apple Fined £21,000,000 For Deliberately Slowing Down Older iPhone Models

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Apple was caught deliberately slowing down and degrading the battery life of older iPhone models.

  • Reflect On:

    What causes us to create products that are useless after just a year or two? Are we greedy? Or is our economy forcing constant growth and the need to keep raising profits just to stay alive and keep shareholders happy?

An investigation launched in January 2018 determined that Apple had used a software update in order to deliberately slow down older iPhone models. Even though Apple admitted to this accusation, they claim it was done in an effort to try and help preserve the battery life of the phone.

The investigation was undertaken by a consumer watchdog from France, and now Apple will face the wrath of France’s Directorate General for Competition, Consumption and the Suppression of Fraud (DGCCRF), who recently announced this on their website.

The DGCCRF has indeed shown that iPhone owners had not been informed that the updates of the iOS operating system (10.2.1 and 11.2) they installed were likely to slow down the operation of their device.

These updates, released during 2017, included a dynamic power management device which, under certain conditions and especially when the batteries were old, could slow down the functioning of the iPhone 6, SE models and 7.

Unable to revert to the previous version of the operating system, many consumers would have been forced to change their batteries or even buy a new phone.

Apple has not yet commented on this conclusion. However according to the DGCCRF, they have accepted the fine.

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Apple’s Apology

In 2017, when the investigation began, Apple attempted to save face with their consumers by posting the following apology:

We have never — and would never — do anything to intentionally shorten the life of any Apple product, or degrade the user experience to drive customer upgrades.

We’ve been hearing feedback from our customers about the way we handle performance for iPhones with older batteries and how we have communicated that process. We know that some of you feel Apple has let you down. We apologize. There’s been a lot of misunderstanding about the issue so we would like to clarify and let you know about some changes we’re making.

Along with this apology, Apple announced that the company would reduce the cost of the replacement batteries for iPhone 6s and later editions that are out of warranty. They reduced the price from $79 to $29 and this was available anywhere Apple products were sold until December 2018.

Planned Obsolescence?

If you are unfamiliar with this term, it is used to describe a practice companies often use when designing their products, designing them with the intention of having them break down so that consumers will have to repeatedly purchase the product more often. From a business standpoint, it makes sense, if the consumer only had to buy each product once in their life, that wouldn’t be very good for business. But having it deliberately break down every couple of years ensures that the consumer will keep buying it over and over again.

The term ‘perceived obsolescence’ refers to products that are seemingly out of date, and thus the consumer makes the decision to replace the item, even if it’s still in perfect working condition. We all know Apple is famous for this. We see images of people waiting in line overnight, in the cold, just to get the latest model, even though their current model is just fine. Considering Apple comes out with a new model at least every year, all the company would have to do is market it correctly, adding just the right features to persuade the consumer that they must have it. In this day and age, that’s pretty easy to do as we often want the latest and greatest thing to satisfy our constant yearning for more.

Irresponsible or A Factor of Our Economy?

It is great to know that organizations such as the DGCCRF exist, so that these massive corporations can be held accountable for their actions. Not only are these types of business practices deceptive and unfair to the consumer, but from an environmental standpoint, they are destructive. When you consider the amount of resources, manpower, time, and money that are put into these products just to have them deliberately break down, there is very little upside to this tactic other than to keep making more money. This is a clear example of how our species is disconnected from themselves and the world.

We must then ask: what really creates these decisions? Is it greed? The need to stay alive? The need for companies to always post profits? Which then leads us to ask, if we built an economic system where everything gets more expensive every year, and where companies always are forced to do better, doesn’t this mean that we will always have to find ways to cut corners and get people to buy? The thinking of scarcity, which creates and economy based on scarcity is not going to be solved by policy, but a rejection and change in our economic system as a whole. This is course will only come from us changing our thinking first though.

The fact of the matter is that there is technology that exists now that can last much longer than what we currently have available to us. We choose as a whole to use lower quality products just so we can keep our scarcity-based and destructive economic system alive.

This is why we made our latest film called Regenerate: Beyond The CO2 Narrative. It’s a look at our environmental issues from a whole new perspective, one that truly aims to solve the issues we face instead of simply blaming CO2 and working to maintain a scarcity-based economy. You can check out the trailer here.

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