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Stephen Hawking: “Artificial Intelligence Could End The Human Race” But How?

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Technology has come a long way in the millennia that mankind has thrived. Today we see a collective dependent relationship formed with our most common electronic devices. It seems that most of us would even be lost without our phones, laptops, or tablets.

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But what if our beloved technologies would eventually be the cause of humanity’s demise? Could this really be a possible timeline for mankind?

The eminent British physicist Stephen Hawking says yes, but we’re not so sure about that. (See below)

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Wikipedia

Stephen Hawking’s Warning

Hawking is credited for furthering our understanding of the universe with his theories on gravitational singularities and black holes, so his voice is well respected in both the science community and world at large.

The cosmologist warned that independent artificial intelligence could end humanity, claiming that efforts to produce ‘thinking machines’ pose a threat to our very existence. He told the BBC at an event in London, during which he unveiled a new communications platform:

“The primitive forms of artificial intelligence we already have, have proved very useful. But I think the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”

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His warning came in reply to a question about his new voice system, the technology he uses to communicate, which involves a basic form of artificial intelligence. Hawking suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive neurological disease, and uses artificial intelligence technology as part of a system to help him communicate.

The system that he is using: Super-Intelligent Machines: 7 Robotic Futures was developed in part by the British company Swiftkey. It helps him choose words he might want to say based off how Hawking actually thinks. This technology has already employed a smartphone keyboard app.

Hawking didn’t deny that there are many benefits of the artificial intelligence but he claimed that further refinements on the artificial intelligence program would make it “take off on its own and redesign itself at an ever-increasing rate.

Hawking said that humans are limited by slow evolution and cannot compete. He showed his fears about the consequences of creating something that can match or surpass humans like his latest upgrade, developed by Intel over the past three years, which will allow the professor to write up to 10 times faster and communicate more effectively with friends, family and students.

The newly-developed platform, which is designed for Hawking, is called Assistive Context Aware Toolkit (ACAT). It uses Hawking’s existing cheek sensor, which is detected by an infrared switch mounted onto his glasses. This is what will help him choose a character on a computer, which means he won’t have to type up to 20% as many characters as usual.

Professor Hawking said:

“Medicine has not been able to cure me, so I rely on technology to help me communicate and live. The development of this system has the potential to improve the lives of disabled people around the world and is leading the way in terms of human interaction and the ability to overcome communication boundaries that once stood in the way.”

Hawking’s debate can be summarized: Once a machine can truly think, it could learn to make improvements to itself and gradually become more and more capable and intelligent. But in the same time, he noted that other potential benefits of this technology could also be significant as he said:

“With the improvements made, I am now able to write much faster, and it means that I can continue to give lectures, write papers and books and, of course, speak with my family and friends more easily. This new system is life changing for me, and I hope it will serve me well for the next 20 years.”

More Concerns About A.I.

Prof Hawking is not alone in fearing the future of artificial intelligence. Earlier this year, Elon Musk, the CEO of the spaceflight company SpaceX and the electric car company Tesla Motors, warned that the technology could someday be more harmful than nuclear weapons.

Elon Musk

Elon Musk

Speaking at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) AeroAstro Centennial Symposium in October, he described artificial intelligence as our ‘biggest existential threat’. He said:

“I think we should be very careful about artificial intelligence. If I had to guess at what our biggest existential threat is, it’s probably that. So we need to be very careful with artificial intelligence. I’m increasingly inclined to think that there should be some regulatory oversight, maybe at the national and international level, just to make sure that we don’t do something very foolish.

With artificial intelligence we’re summoning the demon. You know those stories where there’s the guy with the pentagram, and the holy water, and … he’s sure he can control the demon? [Well, it] doesn’t work out.”

In a later tweet, Musk wrote:

“Hopefully we’re not just the biological boot loader for digital super intelligence. Unfortunately, that is increasingly probable.”

Things To Keep In Mind

Matthew Sparkes wrote in The Telegraph that mainly there are 4 ways that technology could hinder the human race:

  1. Artificial Intelligence:

In addition to what Professor Hawking said, we can think for a moment of the super-intelligence software that we have now. What would happen if this technology got smarter? And smarter…

Sparkes wrote:

“How close are we to that basic thinking machine? Simple artificial intelligence is already being harnessed to design electrical circuits that we don’t fully understand. Some antennae designs produced by genetic algorithms, for example, work better than those conceived by humans – and we aren’t always sure why because they’re too complex.”

  1. Scientific Disaster

Mistakes always happen. The fears of making any mistake while developing nuclear weapons, or even reactors, are growing. The result of such a mistake could also spell the end of humanity.

  1. Grey Goo

3D printer technology is growing at a rapid pace. Scientists are even developing 3D printers which can replicate themselves by printing the component parts for a second machine.

Sparkes said:

“Imagine a machine capable of doing this which is not only microscopically small, but nanoscopically small. So small that it can stack atoms together to make molecules. This could lead to all sorts of advances in manufacturing and medicine: inject a few thousand into a patient and they’ll dissolve a tumor into harmless saline. Millions could float in your car’s engine oil, replacing worn metal on vital components and removing the need for human maintenance.”

  1. Climate Change

Most people do not give proper attention to the way their actions affect the environment. This carelessness is leading to the degradation of our climate systems. And let’s be honest, mother nature isn’t a force for man to reckon with.

Using Technology Harmoniously

A previous study from the University of Oxford suggested that a third of UK jobs could be replaced by machines over the next two decades. RT reported:

“The study further found that jobs with a salary under £30,000 are almost five times more likely to be replaced than jobs over £100,000.”

This stat is one that appears scary because of our view of our current economy, but what if we could transform that and have basic needs met without having to slave over a job in the same way we do today? While it sounds like a stretch, if we were to use technologies in a harmonious way, we could put the right intention behind what we create and make a world better for us all.

The key would all come down to why. Why would we build this? What purpose does it serve? Does it assist humanity or does it not? So long as we can shift our mindset away from how we currently view our world, we should be able to responsibly incorporate technology into our lives in a way that serves and doesn’t harm.

Could this assimilation of technology and the working class be a blessing in disguise, or a warning sign of many social and economic challenges to come? Let us know your take on the rise of artificial intelligence in the comment section below!

Sources:

(1) BBC

(2) The Daily Mail

(3) The Telegraph

Further Resources:

(1) Artificial Intelligence Is Doomed if We Don’t Control Our Data

(2) Why We Should Think About the Threat of Artificial Intelligence

(3) Is Artificial Intelligence A Threat?

(4) Could Super-Intelligent Animals Be The Biggest Threat To Mankind?

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MIT’s Wearable Headpiece Can Hear The Words You ‘Say’ In Your Mind

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Technology is accelerating quickly, devices we have only seen in science fiction movies are quickly becoming a reality. This new 'mind reading' device is one example of many.

  • Reflect On:

    Is it important we consider the implications of using so much technology that has the potential to rob us of our privacy before we jump on the bandwagon?

While the concept of subvocalization may sound like something straight out of a science fiction movie, like many things nowadays, it is becoming a part of our reality. Subvocalization is the practice of quietly saying things in your head while we read, the majority of us do this even if we don’t realize it. Recently, MIT researchers have begun to use this process as a way to interact with mobile devices and computers. Essentially, they have developed a device that you wear on your face that effectively measures the neuromuscular signals that are triggered whenever you subvocalize something in your head.

So, if you’re wondering what the point of this gadget is, when we already have voice technology like Hey Siri and OK Google — well, you’re not alone.

This MIT system includes electrodes that pick up the movements when you verbalize internally as well as bone-conduction headphones, which use the vibrations that are sent to the bones of your inner ear without obstructing your ear canal. These signals are then sent to a computer that is able to use neural networks to distinguish the words. This system has been used so far to navigate a Roku, and for reporting your opponent’ movies in a game of chess in order to get the best counter moves all in complete silence.

“The motivation for this was to build an IA device — an intelligence-augmentation device, our idea was: Could we have a computing platform that’s more internal, that melds human and machine in some ways and that feels like an internal extension of our own cognition?” says Arnav Kapur, a graduate student at the MIT Media Lab in a statement.

So far the device has a rather limited vocabulary of about 20 words, and while it is clever, researchers say that it is still limited. It has a 92 percent accuracy with the 20 words, although they expect it to scale up and get more sophisticated over time.

“We’re in the middle of collecting data, and the results look nice,” Kapur says. “I think we’ll achieve full conversation some day.”

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What Are The Implications?

Imagine being able to control your television, send text messages, ask for directions all without uttering a word? This could soon be a reality. The kicker? If this became a device that we could use instead of using a speech device, could the words that we are thinking inside our heads be sent and stored to someone who might be listening?  To me, this device seems a little too close for comfort and is resembling yet another concept from George Orwell’s classic, ‘1984,’ the thought police, who have the ability to read your mind and make arrests if anyone is even thinking about stepping out of line.

Before jumping on the tech bandwagon it is very important to understand the potential implications of having these devices literally, too close for comfort. It is really not that difficult to say voice commands to control your phone or send texts, but many feel that even that software could be capable of recording your every word whether you are commanding it to or not. Another example of this is a story we covered a few years ago about how Samsung Smart TV’s were admittedly recording your conversations, this is yet another similar concept from ‘1984,’ the telescreens that would record everything going on inside the homes of the citizens.

With that being said, it is important to know that we do not need to fear this technology, but yes, we absolutely need to be aware of the implications no matter how cool, sleek or convenient it may appear to you.

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Geckos Are Able To Heal & Regenerate Parts Of Their Brain, Which May Mean We Can Too

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    The human brain has more in common with lizards than it does with amphibians. The discovery that geckos can regenerate parts of their brains leaves some scientists thinking that maybe humans can too.

  • Reflect On:

    Perhaps it is possible for the human brain, when healthy, to regenerate damaged or diseased cells? We are a step closer to finding this out.

Lizards have a unique ability to regenerate their tails and spinal chords, and recently, researchers from the University of Guelph discovered that geckos can actually regenerate parts of their brain as well. Because of the connection between lizard brains and human brains (reptilian brain), this could be good news for us too. It could be the beginning of a new realm of research for treatment methods of injuries and degeneration from the human brain.

The study was published last month in the journal Scientific Reports. Because of the knowledge of the geckos’ ability to regenerate parts of their body, it led the researchers to see what was going on in gecko brains. They injected leopard geckos with a chemical label that allowed them to detect within the DNA any newly formed cells, which allowed them to examine new cells as they showed up in the geckos’ brains.

The Results?

The researchers found even more cells than what they had anticipated — including a type of stem cell that regularly turned into brain cells in the geckos’ medial cortex. This is the part of the brain that has the same function as the hippocampus in humans. This was the very first discovery for scientists finding out that stem cells were involved in the formation of new neurons in the leopard gecko’s brain.

“The brain is a complex organ and there are so few good treatments for brain injury, so this is a very exciting area of research,” said Prof. Matthew Vickaryous in the Department of Biomedical Sciences at the Ontario Veterinary College (OVC).

“The findings indicate that gecko brains are constantly renewing brain cells, something that humans are notoriously bad at doing,” he said.

If you didn’t already know, lizards are more closely related to humans than amphibians or fish, which are typically studied in research involving regeneration. This groundbreaking study could actually change the way that the human brain is studied, more so that previous studies involving regeneration.

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“Most regeneration research has looked at zebrafish or salamanders. Our work uses lizards, which are more closely related to mammals than either fish or amphibians,” said Rebecca McDonald, a master’s student who led the study.

“The findings indicate that gecko brains are constantly renewing brain cells, something that humans are notoriously bad at doing,” said Matthew Vickaryous, McDonald’s co-author on the study, in the news release. “The next step in this area of research is to determine why some species, like geckos, can replace brain cells while other species, like humans, cannot.”

Neuroplasticity

While human brains may not be the best at regenerating brain cells (although fasting has been shown to do this), there has been a great deal of research over the past decade or so into the study of neuroplasticity. This is the brain’s ability to form new neural connections throughout one’s life. Neuroplasticity allows the neurons (specifically, nerve cells) in the brain to compensate for injury and disease and adjust their activities in response to new situations or to changes in their environment.

This is the opposite of the saying, you can’t teach an old dog new tricks. To just assume that the brain is how it is and can only learn new information up to a certain age is incorrect, and luckily we are seeing a lot of science that is proving this.

Perhaps combined with the research of gecko brains, scientists will be able to determine how to trigger this type of regeneration. It has the potential to help heal degenerative diseases and those who have suffered brain injuries or brain damage.

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New Physics Theory Questions The Big Bang: How Did Our Universe Really Begin?

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Popular writer and scholar Graham Hancock once said that we’re like a species with amnesia, and it’s true, the origins of the human race, and the universe is supposedly unknown to us. But it’s human nature to question things, and as a result, we’ve developed a few theories that despite being pushed as fact within the mainstream educational realm, they’re not scientifically sound in several ways and actually appear to be very weak. The theory of evolution is one great example, and the big bang is another.

The big bang theory suggests that everything in existence results from one event that sparked the creation of physical matter and that everything in our entire universe, and in existence as we know it, was part of a single, infinitely dense point, also known as the “singularity.”  Scientists estimate that it occurred approximately 13 billions of years ago, which created ‘cosmic inflation’ milliseconds afterwards.

The theory has come under a tremendous amount of scrutiny over the years, almost to the point where it should be deemed false, or at the very least, admit that our universe, other universes and also dimensions, have resulted from something far greater and perhaps more complex than our ‘intelligent’ explanation.

There are numerous examples that span scientific literature for several years. For example, the cover story of the April 2011 edition of Scientific American included the article, “Quantum Gaps in Big Bang Theory: Why Our Best Explanation of How the Universe Evolved Must Be Fixed – or Replaced.”

As Jim Mars points out, in his, “Our Occulted History.”

“In the article, Paul J. Steinhardt, director of Princeton University’s Center for Theoretical Science, pointed out that astrophysicists have left a number of problems with the theory unresolved, stating that “the case against the Big Bang theory challenges the logical foundations of the theory. Does the theory really work as advertised? Are the predictions made in the early 1980’s still the predictions of the inflationary model as we understand it today? There is an argument to be made that the answer to both questions is no.”

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Numerous discoveries have come to light when it comes to examining the nature of our reality, and we now know, through quantum physics, that consciousness has a direct relationship with what we regard as physical material matter. We also have evidence which suggests that consciousness might not be a product of our brain, and can exist without the physical body. On the other hand, we have no evidence that shows consciousness is a direct byproduct of the brain.

Research in quantum physics and parapsychology has also seen quantum phenomenon occur at classical physical scales, which is also very interesting. One example in itself would be how consciousness can influence physical material reality, but also real world, documented examples of people with special abilities who are about to influence matter with their mind.

This also brings up huge questions with regards to consciousness, does it come before matter, or after matter? Is consciousness required for the creation of matter, and, if it is, what does that say about the big bang theory? The fact that the origins of our universe might have a non-physical, non-material origin, which is being shown by science, is simply hard for many to accept.

I regard consciousness as fundamental. I regard matter as derivative from consciousness. We cannot get behind consciousness. Everything that we talk about, everything that we regard as existing, postulates consciousness.” – Max Planck, the originator of quantum theory (source)

It’s not only the connection between quantum physics and our physical material world but what we once thought was nothing, is actually something.

No point is more central than this, that space is not empty, it is the seat of the most violent physics – John Wheeler

The fact of the matter is, space is not empty, and it’s full of energy. What we once thought was nothing, is not, and this is no longer trivial in the world of physics. How much energy? According to Nassim Haramein, “there’s a lot of it and we can actually calculate how much energy there is in that space and that reality might actually come out of it. Everything we see is actually emerging from that space.

Now we know that there is the possibility that matter is formed from this void, from this ’empty space,’ it’s one of many examples where ancient knowledge is coming together with modern-day science. We see this with quantum physics, neuroscience, Buddhism and other sects of ancient eastern philosophy.

Idham thadhakshare parame vyoman

This is from ancient Vedic scripture, and it means “the aakaash is not destructible, it is the primordial absolute substratum that creates cosmic matter and hence it is:

The Aakash is not destructible, it is the primordial absolute substratum that creates cosmic matter and hence it is:

Parame vyoman

“The aakaash is the eternally existent, superfluid reality, for which creation and destruction are inapplicable.”

This “aakaash” has been written about since the beginning of time, which again, is super interesting given the fact that in this day in age, we can actually detect it!

We’ll get to that later…

Mainstream science and education, or those who create it, continue to hide this from our textbooks, in the same way, they don’t teach students about Nikola Tesla…

All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the akasha or luminiferous ether, which is acted upon by the life-giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never-ending cycles all things and phenomena – Nikola Tesla, Man’s Greatest Achievement, 1907.

This is one of my favourite examples from antiquity, although there are several:

And they allowed Apollonius to ask questions; and he asked them of what they thought the cosmos was composed; but they replied; “Of elements.” “Are there then four?” he asked. “Not four,” said Larchas,  “but five.” “And how can there be a fifth,” said Apollonius, “alongside of water and air and earth and fire?” “There is the ether,” replied the other, “which we must regard as the stuff of which gods are made; for just as all mortal creatures inhale the wire, so do immortal and divine natures inhale the ether.” “Am I,” said Appollonius, “to regard the universe as a living creature?” “Yes,” said the other. – The Life of Apollonius of Tyana, Philostratus, 220AD (source)

Related CE Article: How Vedic Philosophy Influenced Nikola Tesla’s Idea of “Free Energy.” 

The most recent discovery in this field comes from the late Paramahamsa Tewari, the former Project Director of the Kaiga Atomic Power Project, and retired Executive Nuclear Director, Nuclear Power Corporation, in the Department of Atomic Energy in India.  He recently published a paper in Physics Essays titled  “structural relation between the Vacuum Space and The Electron. You can access the full study here.

The study discusses how this non-material superfluid, also discussed by the ancients, is the makeup of space, also known as the vacuum. It’s incompressible, non-material, massless and not perceivable to the human senses, and it can pose a steady flow varying from zero to light velocity.

This paper presents a formulation of Absolute principles for vacuum-space that enable revealing the process of creation of a stable electron and its known properties of mass and charge. Fundamental questions on the electron’s charge and mass are derived from first principles from the vacuum vortex of the electron’s structure. Also, generation of electrostatic, electromagnetic, and gravitational fields are shown to arise from the vacuum vortex structure of the electron. The electron and positron have been pinpointed to be the fundamental particles of matter.

So basically, the matter is created within these pockets of “empty space” which exists from space.

What’s even more shocking is that Tewari has developed an electrical generator that proves the theory, and it’s over-unity (free energy). A prototype of the machine was built and tested by Kirloskar Electric, a manufacturer of electrical generators in India. There, it exhibited 165 % efficiency (over-unity).

Below is a picture with, from right, Paramahamsa Tewari, Executive Director Nuclear Power Corporation, Ret., Murlidhar Rao, Technical Director, Karnataka Power Corporation, Ret., Chief Engineer, electrical engineer, a mechanical engineer. From Left, Vice President of Kirloskar Rotating Machines Group, General Manager Hubli facility.

 

Below is a Discussion of test results during the filming of AUS DEM NICHTS (Out of the Void), with the device in the Kirloskar facility.

The information listed above is a tidbit of information on why the Big Bang theory isn’t really a sufficient explanation for the creation of matter. This ‘void’ seems to be, and we actually have the ancient knowledge and theoretical physics by real-life experimental demonstrations, like the machine above. These are concepts that are being published in physics journals all over the world.

One study even suggests that the universe has no beginning, which again, correlates to the information above, stating that this ether or ‘Akash’ do not fit in the same category of creation or destruction, meaning that creation and destruction are inapplicable to the Akash, which is definitely hard to wrap your head around.

The theory also suggested as Tewari has for years, that there are no singularities or dark matter, and that the universe is filled with a “quantum fluid,” which is itself filled with gravitons,  According to Phys.org:

The scientists propose that this fluid might be composed of gravitons—hypothetical massless particles that mediate the force of gravity. If they exist, gravitons are thought to play a key role in a theory of quantum gravity.

“A century from now, it will be well-known that: the vacuum of space which fills the universe is itself the real substratum of the universe; vacuum in a circulating state becomes matter; the electron is the fundamental particle of matter and is a vortex of vacuum with a vacuum-less void at the center and it is dynamically stable; the speed of light relative to vacuum is the maximum speed that nature has provided and is an inherent property of the vacuum; vacuum is a subtle fluid unknown in material media; vacuum is mass-less, continuous, non viscous, and incompressible and is responsible for all the properties of matter; and that vacuum has always existed and will exist forever….Then, scientists, engineers and philosophers will bend their heads in shame knowing that modern science ignored the vacuum in our chase to discover reality for more than a century.” – Tewari

If all this IS, then how can the big bang theory hold true? Perhaps there is a lot we are missing…

Huge Implications

“Ether has got to be, once again, established, then there will be the meaningful understanding of physics, meaningful understanding of metaphysics, and meaningful understanding of spiritual processes” – Tewari (source)

Just like anything else, this information has indeed been suppressed, in various forms, but it’s slowly creeping into the mainstream, and the acknowledgment of these machines, and this science in general, which goes way beyond just energy generating devices…

As you can see above, science is now confirming the spiritual realms…

According to Sir James Jeans: “the stream of knowledge is heading towards a non-mechanical reality; the Universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine. Mind no longer appears to be an accidental intruder into the realm of matter… we ought rather hail it as the creator and governor of the realm of matter.”…The Universe is immaterial — mental and spiritual/”  Richard Conn Henry, Professor in Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University (source)

Once the world accepts this, and if it does, it means a complete paradigm shift with regards to the perception of reality. This has happened multiple times, our laws of science were made to be broken, Einstein’s paper on special relativity is one example, the Earth not being flat anymore, is another…

Non-material science, in general, has huge implications, we are at the beginning of the next scientific revolution.

Today, this work is breaking long-held science beliefs that have now turned into dogma, but what we think we know is always changing. Take Lord Kelvin, for example, who stated in 1900 that there is nothing new to be discovered in physics and that all which remains is more and more precise measurement. This assertion was shattered only five years later when Einstein published his paper on special relativity.

Related CE Article: Distinguished Scientists Gathers To Emphasize, Matter is Not The Only Reality

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