The universe has wonders that extend far beyond our wildest dreams. It is hard to conceptualize the actual size of the universe, let alone all of the stars, planets, and galaxies that exist within this massive space. There are two spectacular astronomers in particular who attempt to explain the extraordinary wonders of the cosmos in a way that is engaging for all. These astonishing scientific communicators have used television to pique our interest and expand our knowledge of the astronomical universe, about which most people know so little.
Cosmos is the platform that both Carl Sagan and Neil deGrasse Tyson choose as their medium for educating others about the scientific wonders of space, otherwise known as astronomy. In 1980 Carl Sagan hosted a 13-episode series on PBS called Cosmos: A Personal Journey, while in 2014 Neil deGrasse Tyson hosted the the followup series – Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey – from National Geographic and Fox. Both hosts make a sincere effort to spread scientific knowledge, specifically about astronomy, to the younger generation of our planet.
They both also follow the same storytelling approach throughout their respective television series’. They use teaching aids which cater to children, such as the “ship of imagination” and the “cosmic calendar,” to make their message accessible and help simplify the universe. In doing so, they allow children to use their imagination to understand the significance of each part of the universe and of the extremely small part we play within it.
Despite sharing an ultimate purpose, there are of course differences between the programs. Their teachings have the same sound science as their basis, but the presentation styles of Carl Sagan and Neil deGrasse Tyson are at different ends of the spectrum. What are some of the noticeable differences between the old Cosmos and the new one?
Most of the differences are merely aesthetic. For instance, one key distinction between the programs is that the newer Cosmos features animations that were created by a team supervised by Seth MacFarlane of Family Guy. MacFarlane is, incidentally, also a producer of the new Cosmos. There are other tonal differences, however, that can be attributed to their individual hosting styles. Sagan starts the journey of discovery in space and then moves inwards, coming back to us on earth, implying a personalized voyage that directly interpolates the viewer. Neil deGrasse Tyson does the exact opposite, making us feel small compared to the rest of the universe. The use of the cosmic calendar shows how truly insignificant we are, but Sagan is able to soften that blow through his delivery methods — particularly with his slow, deliberate speech pattern that feels almost like poetry. He pulls you in with a soft, hypnotic voice. Neil deGrasse Tyson is a bit more abrupt with his delivery. He does not give off the impression that he is speaking directly to you; rather, it feels more like attending a college lecture.
Neil deGrasse Tyson’s delivery is more impersonal, making space travel and astronomy seem like a cold journey through a dark and quiet universe. The “ship of imagination” is depicted as a literal spacecraft that leaves little to the imagination. Carl Sagan believed that a trip through the universe needed to be framed as a very personal experience. He often took a metaphorical approach to delivering scientific information, which we can see in his version of the “ship of imagination.”
And for all the aesthetic differences between the two men and their approach to hosting the program, there are many ways that the two men themselves are refreshingly similar. Sagan was never entirely transparent about what his spiritual beliefs were, and never engaged in debate about theology in the way that Tyson has. Nevertheless, it’s safe to infer that the two men were on similar pages with respect to their skepticism. Tyson courts controversy in a way that Sagan never did, even suggesting that scientific literacy should inform political opinions. As Tyson said in an interview with Parade, there are contentious political issues which could be more easily “settled or informed if we [as a culture] became more scientifically literate.” This is the very sort of stance that could easily draw the ire of some creationism advocates.
Both men are also notable for their environmental advocacy. Sagan wrote about the potential harm of climate change as early as 1980, and Tyson has consistently advocated for the use of alternative energy sources. In this 1990 lecture, as well as in his work Pale Blue Dot, Sagan spoke of the Earth’s fragility and our role as stewards of its care. Tyson, speaking on the topic two decades later, has called out public figures who have openly denied the reality of climate change. Both men realized that the fate of the environment would not be determined by any one individual, but by large groups of individuals, dead set on voting out recalcitrant politicians.
Both scientific communicators excel in different aspects of their delivery. Neither is “better” or “worse,” it all comes down to which you prefer. Do the poetic words of Carl Sagan excite your imagination, or do the brash scientific teachings of Neil deGrasse Tyson tickle your fancy? Ultimately, it doesn’t matter – as long as you’re listening and paying attention to what they’d like to teach you, both of these men can make a profoundly positive impact on your life.
About the author:
Beth Kelly is a freelance blogger and writer based in Chicago, IL. With a lifelong passion for both science and literature, she holds a degree in Communications and Media from DePaul University. In her free time she loves training for triathlons and shooting film photography.
Follow her on Twitter @ bkelly_88
Elon Musk And Over 2400 AI Scientists Sign Pledge Against Killer Robots
- The Facts:
More than 2,400 AI scientists and researchers have signed a pledge which intends to deter military firms and nations from building lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS).
- Reflect On:
Are we as individuals, working together on shared concerns for all humans on the planet, starting to see the power we have to effect positive change?
It is not an uncommon story in the history of science and technology: the most brilliant and innovative minds of their time discover, create, and invent technologies that can have hugely positive benefits for mankind as a whole. Inevitably, the largest and wealthiest ‘consumer’ of such technologies is the Military-Industrial Complex, and the main ways these technologies are produced in our world are as tools of control, warfare, and human suffering.
In earlier times scientists and inventors didn’t have much say in how their work was used, and could often be persuaded that their use in military applications was actually for the benefit of humankind. Today, those naive days are gone, and the landscape is different. Some of the most prominent minds that are creating advanced technologies are starting to speak out more and more about how their work is being used in the world.
More Than 2400 Signatories
Elon Musk of SpaceX and Demis Hassabis at Google DeepMind are among more than 2,400 signatories to the pledge which intends to deter military firms and nations from building lethal autonomous weapon systems, also known as LAWS. The signatories are scientists who specialize in artificial intelligence, (AI) and have declared that they will not participate in the development or manufacture of robots that can identify and attack people without human oversight. The pledge was created by the Future of Life Institute:
LETHAL AUTONOMOUS WEAPONS PLEDGE
Artificial intelligence (AI) is poised to play an increasing role in military systems. There is an urgent opportunity and necessity for citizens, policymakers, and leaders to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable uses of AI.
In this light, we the undersigned agree that the decision to take a human life should never be delegated to a machine. There is a moral component to this position, that we should not allow machines to make life-taking decisions for which others – or nobody – will be culpable. There is also a powerful pragmatic argument: lethal autonomous weapons, selecting and engaging targets without human intervention, would be dangerously destabilizing for every country and individual. Thousands of AI researchers agree that by removing the risk, attributability, and difficulty of taking human lives, lethal autonomous weapons could become powerful instruments of violence and oppression, especially when linked to surveillance and data systems. Moreover, lethal autonomous weapons have characteristics quite different from nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, and the unilateral actions of a single group could too easily spark an arms race that the international community lacks the technical tools and global governance systems to manage. Stigmatizing and preventing such an arms race should be a high priority for national and global security.
We, the undersigned, call upon governments and government leaders to create a future with strong international norms, regulations and laws against lethal autonomous weapons. These currently being absent, we opt to hold ourselves to a high standard: we will neither participate in nor support the development, manufacture, trade, or use of lethal autonomous weapons. We ask that technology companies and organizations, as well as leaders, policymakers, and other individuals, join us in this pledge.
The Power Of Public Shaming
The pledge hopes to amount to more than just words. In calling on countries to legislate laws, technology companies to not accept contracts, and individuals to voice their support against lethal autonomous weapons, they hope to sway public opinion overwhelmingly against LAWS, and in doing so shame any person or group who would go ahead with its development. There is some precedent for this approach working, according to Yoshua Bengio, an AI pioneer at the Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms:
This approach actually worked for land mines, thanks to international treaties and public shaming, even though major countries like the US did not sign the treaty banning landmines. American companies have stopped building landmines.
The timing of this pledge is crucial. The military is one of the largest funders and adopters of AI technology. With advanced computer systems, robots can fly missions over hostile terrain, navigate on the ground, and patrol under seas. More sophisticated weapon systems are in the pipeline. Toby Walsh, a professor of AI at the University of New South Wales in Sydney who signed the pledge, had this to say about it:
We need to make it the international norm that autonomous weapons are not acceptable. A human must always be in the loop.
We cannot stop a determined person from building autonomous weapons, just as we cannot stop a determined person from building a chemical weapon. But if we don’t want rogue states or terrorists to have easy access to autonomous weapons, we must ensure they are not sold openly by arms companies.
Collective Consciousness Rising
This pledge is but one example of how people are implicating themselves in the future of the planet. No longer are we waiting on the sidelines and leaving decisions up to corporations, the military, or our political leaders. When we identify ourselves not as a race, culture or nation but as a planet, where all of humankind is considered part of the family, then we get to have greater access to the power of our collective consciousness. Once we harness that power, no initiative that is for the benefit of humanity is beyond our abilities.
New Study Finds “Healing Energy” Can Be Stored & Used To Change Cancer Cells In Vitro
- The Facts:
A new study has found that healing intention and energy can be stored and used to treat breast cancer cells in vitro. It's one of many examples of mind-matter interaction, and mind-body connection.
- Reflect On:
Why are these types of results so unbelievable that mainstream science continues to ignore the possibility? Today, is science really science, or has much of it become dogma?
“Healing energy” is something that many health professionals still roll their eyes at. However, more and more health professionals and countless numbers of scientists are creating more awareness about it, due to the fact that the results and the science simply speak for themselves.
Not many people know this, but the “mind-body” connection and “healing-at-a-distance” actually have more statistically significant results when it comes to healing than most of the science used to approve our medications. Healing at a distance is simply someone directing their attention towards the ill, with a healing intention. This is one form of mind-matter interaction that has been documented repeatedly by science.
For example, as far back as 1999, statistics professor Jessica Utts at UC Irvine published a paper showing that parapsychological experiments have helped to prevent heart attacks more than a daily dose of aspirin . Utts also showed that these results are much better than the research behind various drugs like antiplatelets, for example.
There are numerous examples, and literally, thousands of peer-reviewed publications in the area of parapsychology and quantum physics that demonstrate without a doubt that yes, mind and matter do interact. How they interact, and the nature of these interactions is what we are studying now, which is one of many reasons why so many notable scientists have been gathering for years emphasizing that matter is not the only reality.
Now, a new study published in SAG Journals entitled Transcriptional Changes In Cancer Cells Induced By Exposure To A Healing Method has examined the effect that healing intention can have on cancer cells in vitro. The goal of the study was to assess if stored or recorded energy has an impact on breast cancer cells by using energy-charged cotton and electromagnetic recording of healers practicing the method.
When it comes to healing, the study points out:
Virtually all recorded societies report that certain individuals appear to have the ability to heal. Oftentimes this healing has been associated with spiritual disciples of one sort or another, and the healers themselves have sometimes been accorded a special status within the culture. Healers have utilized various methods of practice, including laying on of hands, prayer and induced altered states of consciousness, to name a few. Hippocrates, referred to this healing as “the force which flows from many people’s hands.”
This type of healing has been practised in various cultures throughout human history, especially in Buddhism. Ancient texts in this area are full of stories of people with exceptional abilities, but what’s even more exciting is that we actually have real-world examples today that can’t really be debunked.
For example, when talking about modern-day research, one of the pioneers in this area was a biologist by the name of Bernard Grad of McGill University. In controlled experiments, he discovered that certain people could actually influence the germination of plant seeds, make plants grow at a faster rate as well as influence the curing of seeds that had been shocked by saline solution. Furthermore, he was able to measure the ability of healers to reduce goiter and stimulate wound healing in mice. (source) (source)(source)
What’s interesting about that particular study is that it wasn’t the only one. A study published in the American Journal of Chinese Medicine, as seen in the US National Library of Medicine, demonstrated that a woman with special abilities was about to accelerate the germination of seeds for the purposes of developing a more robust seed stock. Her name was Chulin Sun, and she entered into a deep trance-like state which sprouts dry seeds in 20 minutes, compared to the normal 3 to 4 days. You can read more about her and access that study here.
The Science Is There
The cancer study mentioned above goes on to provide more examples:
Since Grad’s initial work, there have been innumerable preclinical studies of healing, sometimes categorized by the target of the intended healing. Benor, for example, discusses healing action on enzymes, cells in the laboratory, fungi/yeasts, bacteria, plants, single-cell organisms, and animals that have been subjected to controlled study. The proliferation of healing studies has continued to rise in recent years. At present, there are several peer-reviewed journals devoted exclusively to the burgeoning field of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), publishing both preclinical and controlled clinical studies of healing of a wide variety of conditions. In addition, there is an increasing number of peer-reviewed journals which are not focused exclusively on CAM but that are open to publishing controlled studies in these areas.
Scientists used energy-charged cotton to store healing intention from several self-proclaimed “healers,” and they discovered that of the cells that were exposed to an electromagnetic recording, 37 genes of the 167 tested showed a statistically significant change compared to the control, and 68 genes showed statistically significant fold changes.
Two genes, ATP citrate lyase (ACLY) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β), were consistently downregulated at 4 and 24 hours of expoure to the recording, respectively, in 3 independent experiments. Both acly and IL-1β were also downregulated in cells exposed to a hands-on delivery of the method, suggesting these 2 genes as potential markers of the healing method.
When it was all said and done, the study clearly indicated that there is at least some biological response that has been stimulated by the healer as well as the recording of the healing energy. No matter how small, the effect was there in this study and it has huge implications.
“The consequences of that genomics effect, and the careful evaluation of the several components to induce them, require further study. Multiple questions need to be addressed, such as exposure time of subjects to energy recordings, the composition of the recording itself, what equipment can best capture the healer’s input, and so on. Efforts to find the answers to these questions are underway.
The key takeaway points and conclusions that can be drawn from the study are as follows:
- Reproducible biologic changes have been induced by healing energy, whether by direct hands-on healing or using a recording of healing activity.
2. Healing intention can be captured and released, thereby potentially allowing the phenomenon to be more widely disseminated.
3. Hands-on delivery of the healing intention is stronger than the recording used in this study, suggesting the possibility that the recording did not fully capture the healing potential.
Related CE Podcast: #12 – The Rise of Post Material Science w/ Dr Natalie Trent
Going Deeper Into Consciousness
Studies like these are a great way to reach the mainstream, with credibility, expand minds, plant seeds, and show that yes, mind/matter interaction is actually very real, and it’s been demonstrated repeatedly. The fact that black budgets and highly classified government programs utilized parapsychology, while the mainstream ridicules it, says more than enough.
When it comes to healing, perhaps this is why more and more people are gravitating to alternative forms of medicine. An article written by Garth Cook from Scientific American even shows how this information is finally making its way into the mainstream. To instantly brush this stuff off is harming our progress, and possibly a lot of people.
A growing body of scientific research suggests that our mind can play an important role in healing our body – or in staying healthy in the first place….There are now several lines of research suggesting that our mental perception of the world constantly informs and guides our immune system in a way that makes us better able to respond to future threats. That was a short ‘aha’ moment for me – where the idea of an entwined system of mind and body suddenly made more scientific sense than an ephemeral consciousness that’s somehow separated from our physical levels.
In Vitro Study
I go into even more detail in this article I published at the beginning of last year: This is How Powerful The Mind-Body Connection Really Is
The limiting thing about an in vitro study is that it’s not an actual biological organism. That being said, the biological organism that’s accepting distant healing, or healing energy from another person, would be most successful when open to the possibility that it could actually be working. The Placebo effect is very interesting and demonstrates beyond a doubt that consciousness can play an enormous role in healing the body.
There are many examples of the Placebo effect, and it works simply because the patient is firm in their belief that something is going to work–especially when it’s beyond belief, and more like a ‘knowing’.
Consciousness is huge when it comes to healing, and the receiver of the healing plays a vital role, maybe even more than the one who is sending the healing intention, as demonstrated by numerous studies on the placebo effect. We’ve written about it multiple times in a couple of heavily sourced articles you can check out below:
New Physics Study Finds The Real “God” Particle
- The Facts:
A study published in Physics Essays shows how matter is created out of the non-material. There is energy in what we call "empty" space and it can also be used to generate energy. The acknowledgement of the non-material is a big step for science.
- Reflect On:
Why has non-material science been shunned by the mainstream community when it has such strong validity? These concepts are now moving out of the theoretical realm, and being confirmed. It opens up metaphysical and spiritual realities as valid.
The search for the “God” particle has been underway for quite some time. Smashing particles together to learn more about the true nature of reality seems to be the only discussion brought up within the mainstream when it comes to discovering the origins of our universe or at least attempting to do so.
There’s one problem, however, and that’s the fact that non-material forces might actually govern the universe, factors associated with consciousness may be a key role in the creation of matter, and this is something that’s been emphasized for decades by numerous scientists who’ve acknowledged these non-material forces. If this is true, looking for a “God” particle is almost useless, because it suggests that our universe has a non-material origin, so looking at physical matter for the answers might not be the best idea, instead, we need to look, examine, and continue to study non-physical phenomena.
“The day science begins to study non-physical phenomena, it will make more progress in one decade that in all the previous centuries of its existence.” – Nikola Tesla
For years, science has assumed that empty space is just that, empty space, but this isn’t true, and as John Wheeler, one of the world’s pioneering quantum physicists once emphasized, “No point is more central than this, that space is not empty, it is the seat of the most violent physics.” Fast forward to today and we now know that energy can be extracted from this “empty” space, that we can tap into this “ether” (Casimir) that’s been referred to as one of the most fundamental aspects regarding the nature of reality for thousands of years.
“All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the akasha or luminiferous ether, which is acted upon by the life-giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never-ending cycles all things and phenomena.”– Nikola Tesla, Man’s Greatest Achievement, 1907
A study was published by Paramahamsa Tewari, author, inventor, and retired Executive Director (Nuclear Projects) of the Nuclear Power Corporation of India. He was the author of a revolutionary theory in physics, the Space Vortex Theory (SVT), and a number of books on the same, that won early commendation by Nobel Laureates in physics. His theory led him to invent the Tewari Reactionless Generator (T-RLG), a high-efficiency electrical generator.
“Space is actually not empty and it’s full of energy…The energy in space is not trivial there’s a lot of it and we can actually calculate how much energy there is in that space and that reality might actually come out of it. Everything we see is actually emerging from that space.” – Nasim Haramein
A prototype of the machine was tested by Kirloskar Electric, a manufacturer of electrical generators in India. There, it exhibited 165% efficiency (over-unity), breaking our known laws of physics. You can watch a video of the machine here and you will see a demonstration of the machine as well as discussions toward the end of the video with the engineers at Kirloskar Electric.
You can also see pictures, and find out more details on how the machine works in the article linked below:
The latest study, published in the highly reputable Physics Essays, makes this point clear. That matter is created from this “empty space”, from the void, from what’s known as the quantum vacuum, space, which Tewari theorizes, and shows with his machine (which produces more power than what is put into the system).
The paper is titled Structural Relation Between The Vacuum Space and The Electron. You can access the full study here.
This paper presents a formulation of Absolute Principles for vacuum-space that enable revealing the process of creation of a stable electron and its known properties of mass and charge. Fundamental equestions on the electron’s charge and mass are derived from first princimples from the vacuum vortex of the electron’s structure. Also, generation of electrostatic, electromagnetic, and gravitational fields are shown to arise from the vacuum vorte structure of the electron. The electron and positron have been pinpointed to be the fundamental particles of matter.
Tewari hypothesizes, or better yet, shows, that the very seat of cosmic energy in the universe originates from these vacuums of nothingness and that this energy is used to create all matter in our known universe, causing their motion. The paper explains these motions and the impact that the ‘ether’ has on them and what happens as a result.
The paper goes on to state,
The space-vortex structure of the electron, based on the writer’s works,3,4 referred in this paper, provides solutions to both the above problems. The high elasticity required for the fluid-ether is avoided by postulating it as a nonmaterial and incompressible fluid devoid of any known property of matter, such as mass, density, discreteness, viscosity, elasticity, or compressibility, etc. Further, if the properties of “mass” and “charge” of an electron are to be derived from first principles, then a mass-less and charge-less fluid that, as a vortex, can form the structure of an electron, must be postulated. The proof of this postulate—that the universal substratum of space with nonmaterial properties has real existence—is provided by deriving the basic properties of b)“Nonmaterial” signifies a mass-less, density-less, incompressible, nonviscous and continuous fluid. Physics Essays 31, 1 (2018) 109 the electron (mass, charge, gravity, etc.) from the vacuum spacec) vortex structure of the electron, and by explaining its behavior in physical as well as quantitative terms, as experimentally observed.
Although the paper is difficult to understand, the basic message is that the universe, and what we know as physical material matter, is not birthed from a physical phenomenon, but rather, a non-material phenomenon that is undetectable in many ways. For example, we can’t measure it like we do a solid physical object that has mass, but we can detect it, and use it as Tewari has done with regards to the creation of his machine.
Non-material science seems to be ushering in a new scientific revolution, even bigger than the one we’ve seen in the recent past. This is why hundreds of distinguished scientists are currently gathering every single year to discuss such matters.
You can read more about that in detail in the article linked below:
The Take-Away Message
The idea that our world is governed by non-material forces has huge implications. It’s like deeming telepathy to be real, for example. Within the mainstream, in many places, this type of study is still considered pseudoscience, which is comical because governments around the world have put tremendous resources into studying and using non-physical phenomenon. Why is this science only for the secretive black budget? Why can’t all it’s findings be revealed? It’s firmly established in scientific literature that non-material science, like remote viewing for example, has tremendous statistically significant validity. Yes, it’s real, and yes, it’s been used for decades, and perhaps for the wrong reasons…
The statistical results of the studies examined are far beyond what is expected by chance. Arguments that these results could be due to methodological flaws in the experiments are soundly refuted. Effects of similar magnitude to those found in government-sponsored research at SRI and SAIC have been replicated at a number of laboratories across the world. Such consistency cannot be readily explained by claims of flaws or fraud. – American Institutes For Research (source)
If we continue to operate under the assumption that everything needs to have mass, or needs to be “measurable” by the limits of classical physics we’re never really going to move forward, and we’re going to keep teaching false ideas that cause some people to refer to non material science and the generation of devices using non-material science, as false.
This is simply because science has become dogma, and instead of us recognizing that science and the laws of science have always changed, we now reject valid science simply because it defies our own beliefs of what is and can be real…
The acknowledgement of the “ether” is huge, it will change the laws of physics, and create the development of technologies that work with nature, instead of against it.
Out of The Void
Out Of The Void (AUS DEM NICHTS) is a film that recently premiered in Austria, it’s a docudrama about Tesla’s vision and the work of Paramahamsa Tewari. You can view footage of the machine and snippets from the film below.
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