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Spanking Your Child Can Have Negative Effects on Their Personality & Lower Their IQ

When it comes to disciplining children, physical abuse has been proven to have longterm detrimental effects on their mental health.

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It’s natural to wonder how we became the person we are and where, or when, our insecurities and fears first took root. More often than not, we turn to our childhood for answers and try to determine when certain seeds were planted that inspired doubt or hesitancy in our personalities. As we grow older, we come to better understand our childhood environment as we get to better know ourselves and our family relationships. We may come to realize that certain habits of our parents marked on our home and shaped how we handle the world today. Simply put, how you were raised directly impacts the person you become, whether you recognize it or not.

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Some new parents may harbour fears about this very fact. In some cases, they don’t want to be like their own parents, but they also don’t want to spoil their child. New parents seek all forms of alternatives, all forms of raising a child in the best possible way they can, and when it comes to punishment in particular, there are plenty of schools of thought. You may say to yourself that you were hit as a child and turned out fine, but that was your norm, and it’s difficult to pin down just how it affected you. Research suggests this kind of punishment does leave a mark, however.

The late Dr. Murray Straus dedicated his life to better understanding the negative effects that corporal punishment has on the psyche of a child and how it can affect them as an adult. Having authored hundreds of scholarly papers and 15 books, including Behind Closed Doors and Beating the Devil Out of Them, he is an internationally recognized sociologist and founded the very field of family violence research. Dr. Straus was the co-director of the Family Research Laboratory and a professor of sociology at the University of New Hampshire. 

Spanking and IQ

A relatively new study by Straus explores the link between spanking and IQ. Supported by the University of New Hampshire and presented by Straus, along with Mallie Paschall, a senior research scientist at the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, to the International Conference on Violence, Abuse and Trauma in 2009, it reveals a troubling trend. “All parents want smart children. This research shows that avoiding spanking and correcting misbehavior in other ways can help that happen,” Straus says. “The results of this research have major implications for the well being of children across the globe.”

The duo studied samples of 806 children ages two to four and 704 children ages five to nine and then retested both groups four years later. The IQs of children between the ages of two and four who were not spanked ranked five points higher compared to those who were spanked in their same age group. Children who were five to nine years old that were not spanked were 2.8 points higher in IQ four years later compared to their spanked counterparts.

“How often parents spanked made a difference. The more spanking the, the slower the development of the child’s mental ability. But even small amounts of spanking made a difference,” Straus reveals.

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Nationally

Straus and colleagues collected data on corporal punishment in 32 nations among 17,404 university students who experienced spanking when they were children and found lower national average IQ in nations where spanking was more prevalent. Those whose parents used corporal punishment on them even into their teen years showed the strongest link between the behaviour and their IQ. Their data determined two explanations for the relation of corporal punishment to lower IQ:

  1. Corporal punishment is extremely stressful and can become a chronic stressor for young children, who typically experience corporal punishment three or more times a week. For many it continues for years. The research found that the stress of corporal punishment shows up as an increase in post-­traumatic stress symptoms, such as being fearful that terrible things are about to happen and being easily startled. These symptoms are associated with lower IQ.
  2. A higher national level of economic development underlies both fewer parents using corporal punishment and a higher national IQ.

This research doesn’t surprise me. When a parent chooses to discipline in the form of abuse or aggression, it can only display to the child poor conflict resolution skills, as the outcome for ‘bad behaviour’ is only determined by the abuser and implemented physically rather than by verbally engaging the child and helping them to realize why their acts were not appreciated or accepted.

According to Straus:

The worldwide trend away from corporal punishment is most clearly reflected in the 24 nations that legally banned corporal punishment by 2009. Both the European Union and the United Nations have called on all member nations to prohibit corporal punishment by parents. Some of the 24 nations that prohibit corporal punishment by parents have made vigorous efforts to inform the public and assist parents in managing their children. In others little has been done to implement the prohibition. . . .

Nevertheless, there is evidence that attitudes favoring corporal punishment and actual use of corporal punishment have been declining even in nations that have done little to implement the law and in nations which have not prohibited corporal punishment,

Personality

A study published in the Journal of Family Psychology by researchers at the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Michigan claims that children who get spanked are more likely to “defy their parents and to experience increased anti-social behavior, aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties.“

And this study was more comprehensive than most. Researchers explain “it is the most complete analysis to date of the outcomes associated with spanking, and more specific to the effects of spanking alone than previous papers, which included other types of physical punishment in their analyses.” This study is based off of a meta-analysis of 50 years of research involving over 160,000 children.

The analysis focuses on what most Americans would recognize as spanking — an open-handed hit on the behind or extremities. When any parent chooses to spank their child, more often than not his or her intention is to create long-term obedience, but in reality, it only creates immediate obedience. “We found that spanking was associated with unintended detrimental outcomes and was not associated with more immediate or long-term compliance, which are parents’ intended outcomes when they discipline their children,” says Elizabeth Gershoff, an associate professor of human development and family sciences at the University of Texas at Austin.

Undoubtedly, parents only want what’s best for their children, so their intention of course isn’t to cause long-term harm through what they’ve always believed to be an appropriate form of discipline. That’s why it is vital for all parents to recognize the impact they could unknowingly be having on their offspring.

“The upshot of the study is that spanking increases the likelihood of a wide variety of undesired outcomes for children. Spanking thus does the opposite of what parents usually want it to do.”

— Co-author Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, an associate professor at the University of Michigan School of Social Work

Most people would say that there is a clear distinction between physical abuse and spanking, but both were associated with the same detrimental child outcomes in the same direction and nearly the same strength. As Gershoff explains, “our research shows that spanking is linked with the same negative child outcomes as abuse, just to a slightly lesser degree,” and “no clear evidence of positive effects from spanking and ample evidence that it poses a risk of harm to children’s behavior and development.”

Another problem with spanking is that the cycle of harm is most likely to continue. The study explains that adults who were spanked as children were more likely to support physical punishment for their own children.

Unfair Situations

Researchers with Tamagawa University and the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology in Japan published a paper in the journal Nature Human Behavior that describes possible implications for those who suffer from depression relating to unfair situations. As reported by Medical XPress:

In the study, volunteers were asked to play a video game in which rewards were offered—some of the volunteers were given more than half of the rewards, some were given less than half, and a third group got the same as other players. As the volunteers played the game, the researchers watched blood flow in the brain courtesy of an MRI machine. The researchers focused on the amygdala and hippocampus because they have been associated with  in people. They report that the way those brain regions responded when players felt the game was unfair toward them offered a reliable means for predicting depression levels in those people a year later—and that was regardless of whether the volunteer had scored as a pro-social person versus an individualist on a test before playing the . They also found that among the brains of volunteers who received more than their share, they could only predict depressive levels in pro-social people.

I find this information to be relevant because, from the perspective of a child, when an adult resorts to physical punishment to amend an issue, the child is likely to feel that something took place that wasn’t right or fair in regards to how a person is to generally be treated. While I agree more research should be done to investigate these suggestions, I think we inherently know that abusing a child, in any way, is wrong, and we don’t need research to prove this.

“It is time for psychologists to recognize the need to help parents end the use of corporal punishment and incorporate that objective into their teaching and clinical practice. It also is time for the United States to begin making the advantages of not spanking a public health and child welfare focus, and eventually enact federal no ­spanking legislation.”

– Dr. Murray Straus

Gentle Parenting 

What does this approach look like?

Rebecca English wrote an article in The Conversation that provides some tips for parents looking to take a different approach to discipline.

Below is an excerpt from the article.

Here are a few steps that parents take to encourage a partnership with their children:

  1. They start from a place of connection and believe that all behaviour stems from how connected the child is with their caregivers.
  2. They give choices not commands (“would you like to brush your teeth before or after you put on your pyjamas?”).
  3. They take a playful approach. They might use playfulness to clean up (“let’s make a game of packing up these toys”) or to diffuse tension (e.g. having a playful pillow fight).
  4. They allow feelings to run their course. Rather than saying “shoosh”, or yelling “stop!”, parents actively listen to crying. They may say, “you have a lot of/strong feelings about [the situation]”.
  5. They describe the behaviour, not the child. So, rather than labelling a child as naughty or nice, they will explain the way actions make them feel. For example, “I get so frustrated cleaning crumbs off the couch.”
  6. They negotiate limits where possible. If it’s time to leave the park, they might ask, “How many more minutes/swings before we leave?” However, they can be flexible and reserve “no” for situations that can hurt the child (such as running on the road or touching the hot plate) or others (including pets). They might say: “Hitting me/your sister/pulling the dog’s tail hurts, I won’t let you do that.”
  7. They treat their children as partners in the family. A partnership means that the child is invited to help make decisions and to be included in the household tasks. Parents apologise when they get it wrong.
  8. They will not do forced affection. When Uncle Ray wants to hug your child and s/he says no, then the child gets to say what happens to their body. They also don’t force please or thank you.
  9. They trust their children. What you might think of as “bad” behaviour is seen as the sign of an unmet need.
  10. They take parental time-outs when needed. Before they crack, they step away, take a breath and regain their composure.

The bottom line is, we are the ambassadors for our children. They look up to us, they depend on us, and they can only assume we will make the best possible decisions for their safety and happiness. I believe we owe it to them to do our own research and to be proactive in creating a dialogue with them, gauging their reactions and responses to discipline, and, most of all, being patient. Being a parent is an endless process of growth and transformation for you and your child, so let’s make it a beautiful one.

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Awareness

U. S. Congressman-Elect Tells Constituents Vaccines May Cause Autism

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Congressman-Elect Mark Green told his constituents not only that he believes there may be a causal relationship between vaccines and autism, but that the Centers for Disease Control has 'fraudulently managed' their research data on vaccine safety.

  • Reflect On:

    Does the unusually bold statements of a public official against the CDC's vaccine safety narrative represent the next step in our getting to the truth about vaccines?

If you are someone who has been following the vaccine/autism debate for a while, you are no doubt aware that public figures rarely take on the Big Pharma-CDC Axis, as they are prone to face serious and debilitating consequences at their own peril. Doctors like Andrew Wakefield, who famously published a study in 1998 in The Lancet that linked the MMR vaccine to autism, experienced the full weight of the medical establishment muscle when sales of the MMR vaccine were threatened.

As far as Western Medicine is concerned, Dr. Wakefield’s study has been ‘debunked’ as a result of their concerted campaign to say and do whatever they could to invalidate his main point by attacking ancillary facts that really had nothing to do with the evidence. You can read our recent article ‘A Statistically Strong Relationship Has Been Found Between The MMR Vaccine & Autism‘ to see how Dr. Brian Hooker has resurrected the study to make an argument in favor of the strong correlation found in the study between the MMR vaccine and autism, and judge for yourself.

While the majority of people probably believe that the safety of vaccines has been proven, the veils of mainstream deception are starting to get threadbare. And with this, whistleblowers, researchers and other challengers to the mainstream notion are starting to get bolder and more forthright. Researcher Judy Mikovits and others like her paved the way by standing firmly in the truth of her research and refusing to buckle under the pressure and coercion of the Western Medical Establishment to recant studies that are threatening to the pharmaceutical industry, as detailed in the article ‘Researcher Jailed After Uncovering Deadly Virus Delivered Through Human Vaccines.’

Congressman-Elect Makes Bold Claim

Still, researchers are one thing. Politicians are a whole different kettle of fish. It is still a relatively new occurrence that a politician could speak out against the vaccine industry and not be committing political suicide and open him or herself up to massive attacks from the Western Medical Establishment. It was helpful, perhaps even groundbreaking, that Donald Trump staked his claim on this matter while campaigning for the presidency:

“When I was growing up, autism wasn’t really a factor, and now all of a sudden, it’s an epidemic. Everybody has their theory. My theory, and I study it because I have young children, my theory is the shots. We’ve giving these massive injections at one time, and I really think it does something to the children.” (source)

Now, according to this article in the Tennessean, Congressman-Elect Mark Green told his constituents not only that he believes there may be a causal relationship between vaccines and autism, he suggests the Centers for Disease Control has ‘fraudulently managed’ the research data that the CDC uses to say there is no link between vaccines and autism. As the video below confirms, Green, who by the way is also a licensed doctor, is truly throwing down the gauntlet against the CDC.

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“Let me say this about autism. I have committed to people in my community, up in Montgomery County, to stand on the CDC’s desk and get the real data on vaccines. Because there is some concern that the rise in autism is the result of the preservatives that are in our vaccines.

As a physician, I can make that argument and I can look at it academically and make the argument against the CDC, if they really want to engage me on it. But it appears some of that data has been, honestly, maybe fraudulently managed. So we’ve got to go up there and stand against that and make sure we get that fixed, that issue addressed.”

The Takeaway

The challenges to the official narrative that vaccines are proven to be safe and do not correlate with the incidence of autism is like chipping away at an old brick wall. With each brick that is removed, more and more people see the holes in the mainstream narrative, and opponents to vaccine safety are becoming bolder and more direct with their challenges. I believe that in the not-so-distant future we will look back to this time and history and be amazed that it took us so long to see through the industry-sponsored fraud of vaccine safety.

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Awareness

“5G: The Most Censored Story Of 2018” – Journalist Masterfully Educates Houston City Council

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Derrick Broze, a journalist and activist recently presented to Houston about the new proposed 5G network. He points to multiple studies and scientists outlining serious health concerns for all.

  • Reflect On:

    What can you do to mitigate this? There are solutions presented in the article but are you taking any? How can our regulatory agencies approve a technology that's so harmful to human biology? What is going on here?

The 5G network is new, and it’s being accepted, approved and implemented already without any appropriate safety testing nor discussion with the public.

Recent research has revealed that the frequencies utilized in crowd control weapons are the same as the frequencies used in the 5G network, and there is absolutely no question about the fact that these electromagnetic frequencies impact our biology in multiple harmful ways. With more than 2000 peer-reviewed studies on the subject, thousands of scientists raising multiple causes for concern, hundreds of scientists petitioning the United Nations, and absolutely no oversight, regulation or safety testing, how is it that this type of thing is legal and allowed to be approved?

Well, the 5G, and the entire global network of wireless technology is controlled by a few people and corporations. This highlights the relationship that western corporations have with government regulatory agencies. These corporations sit above the government, and through lobbying, corporations provide instructions to government regulatory agencies. Our regulatory health agencies are a cesspool of corruption as well, so much to the point where those who work within these agencies are actually starting to have a shift in consciousness and are speaking out. The problem has become so big and widespread that they cannot remain silent. The SPIDER papers from multiple CDC scientists was an excellent example, outlining the grave concern about the CDC’s relationship with corporations and the stranglehold these corporations have over them.

Multiple countries around the world have banned WiFi and the building of cell phone towers near primary schools and nurseries, among many other places due to the evidence that shows they are not safe and can implicate the health of young children and adults.

Dr. Devra Lee Davis,  founding director of the board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology of the U.S. National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, founding director of the Center for Environmental Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, and President of the Environmental Health Trust stated:

“If you are one of the millions who seek faster downloads of movies, games and virtual pornography, a solution is at hand, that is, if you do not mind volunteering your living body in a giant uncontrolled experiment on the human population. At this moment, residents of the Washington, DC region – like those of 100 Chinese cities – are about to be living within a vast experimental Millimeter wave network to which they have not consented – all courtesy of American taxpayers,”

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Journalist Presents to Houston City Council

That’s why the video below is so important, it’s a video of Derrick Broze, founder of the Conscious Resistance network.  Not only are scientists speaking out about this issue, and continuing to publish eye-opening research, much of which can be found at The Environmental Health Trust, but citizens and activists are getting involved too.

The speech below takes place at a hearing in Houston. This, like so many other health issues we are facing, is important to raise awareness about together. The more people speaking up and creating awareness, the more chances we have of that this awareness leads to action or at the very least, a deep realization by council members that they are being bullied by corporations, much like we’re seeing in France.

A Little More On 5G

Dr. Sharon Goldberg, an internal medicine physician and professor also recently gave her testimony regarding the dangers of electromagnetic radiation. She says:

Wireless radiation has biological effects. Period. This is no longer a subject for debate when you look at PubMed and the peer-review literature. These effects are seen in all life forms; plants, animals, insects, microbes. In humans, we have clear evidence of cancer now: there is no question We have evidence of DNA damage, cardiomyopathy, which is the precursor of congestive heart failure, neuropsychiatric effects…5G is an untested application of a technology that we know is harmful; we know it from the science. In academics, this is called human subjects research.” – Goldberg

You can watch her testimony and read more about it here.

Again, if you want to look at the science/research, a good place to start is with the Environmental Health Trust.

The Takeaway

There are multiple solutions for reducing your exposure to EMF radiation. You could have a wired internet connection at home, which is actually faster. You could unplug your devices before bed, you can purchase electromagnetic radiation shielded clothing from multiple providers. You can also purchase small devices that go right on your phone that help protect against this radiation. Do your research on ‘EMF protection devices’ to find what works for you.

You could also mitigate some effects by living a more healthy lifestyle. This includes diet, nature exposure, limiting screen and phone time and other wellness practices.

The key thing here is to recognize that, in a world where our voice is constantly being silenced and information is swept under the rug for the sake of profit and control (among other reasons), we do still have a voice, and we have to use it.

We are so caught up in our own lives, doing our own thing that we’ve neglected the planet and fail to even look into what’s going on. We’ve given our consciousness away to others who are manipulating it. It’s time to take it back, to wake up, and to start thinking for ourselves instead of relying on a group of powerful people to disseminate information.

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A Statistically Strong Relationship Has Been Found Between The MMR Vaccine & Autism

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In Brief

  • The Facts:

    Dr. Brian Hooker, one of multiple people who received committed data from a CDC senior scientists regarding a 2005 MMR autism vaccine study has done a reanalysis that clearly shows a statistically significant relationship.

  • Reflect On:

    Why are negative aspects and important research/testimony regarding vaccines completely ignored? Why are people believing that vaccines are safe and effective if all of the evidence points otherwise? Why is the only response ridicule?

After four long years, CHD Board Member, Dr. Brian Hooker‘sreanalysis of the CDC’s MMR-autism data from the original DeStefano et al. 2004 Pediatrics paper has been republished in the Winter 2018 Edition of the Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons. The data, when properly analyzed, using the CDC’s own study protocol, show a strong, statistically significant relationship between the timing of the first MMR vaccine and autism, specifically in African American males. In addition, a relationship also exists in the timing of the MMR vaccine and those individuals who were diagnosed with autism without mental retardation. These relationships call into question the conclusion of the original DeStefano et al. 2004 paper which dismissed a connection between the MMR vaccine and autism.

Main Points from Reanalysis:

  • The rate of autism diagnoses has increased alarmingly in the U.S., and is about 25 percent higher in black children. Boys are far more likely than girls to receive this diagnosis.
  • As early as 2001, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had data showing an increased rate of autism diagnoses in black male school children in Atlanta who received their first measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination before 36 months of age.
  • The original publication concerning the data downplayed the association, and no follow-up was conducted.
  • Dr. Hooker noted that the CDC deviated from its original data analysis plan, possibly because of unwanted results.
  • The relationship loses its statistical significance if the analysis is restricted to children with a Georgia birth certificate, which decreases the sample size by about 40 percent.
  • Dr. Hooker reanalyzed the same data set using the same methodology of conditional logistic regression but didn’t exclude children lacking a Georgia birth certificate.
  • By stratifying data for African-American males by birth year, Dr. Hooker also found a statistically significant higher risk of an autism diagnosis in children who had received the first MMR vaccine 1 year earlier, only in children born in 1990 or later. Thimerosal exposure increased in the early 1990s, and it was not removed from most pediatric vaccines until 2001-2004. Dr. Hooker suggests the possibility that there may be some interaction between increased mercury exposure and early MMR vaccination. Further study would be needed to explore this possibility.
  • Dr. Hooker’s interest was sparked, he reports, by communication with a CDC whistleblower, a senior scientist, who had retained some of the original analyses.
  • Dr. Hooker concludes that failure to follow-up on these observations represents a huge lost opportunity to understand possible reasons for the enormous increase in this devastating neurological disability.

Introduction from Dr. Hooker’s article:

“This study is a re-analysis of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data pertaining to the relationship of autism incidence and the age at which children got their first measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. Statistically significant relationships were observed when African-American males were considered separately while looking at those individuals who were vaccinated prior to and after a 36-month age cut-off. CDC officials observed very similar relationships as early as November 2001, but failed to report them in their final publication. In addition, a relationship is seen when specifically considering children who received a diagnosis of autism without mental retardation. Although this was reported in the original 2004 paper, it was not discussed, nor was any follow-up study conducted. Preliminary results also suggest the possibility of a synergism between thimerosal exposure and MMR timing leading to a greater risk of autism.”

Conclusion from Dr. Hooker’s article:

“The first data set used by DeStefano et.al represents a huge lost opportunity to understand any role between the timing of the first MMR vaccine and autism. The re-analysis presented here elucidates effects that should at least merit further investigation. Specifically, increased risks of earlier vaccination are observed for African-American males and among cases of autism without MR. Both phenomena deserve additional study that could yield important clues regarding the current enormous increase in autism.”

Dr. Hooker’s Reanalysis of CDC Data on Autism Incidence and Time of First MMR Vaccination was published December 7, 2018 in the Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons.

Important Reminder From Collective Evolution

Dr. William Thompson (senior CDC scientist), who is  mentioned above as co-author of this study, blew the whistle and admitted that he was pressured to omit statistically significant data, and that there is a connection between this vaccine and autism. He released this statement in an official capacity, as explained by the Congressman in the video below. This story was an has been completely ignored by mainstream media.

Dr. Hooker and Thompson were in touch, Hooker was the one who did the reanalysis as you can see above.

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Sign up for free news and updates from Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and the Children’s Health Defense. CHD is planning many strategies, including legal, in an effort to defend the health of our children and obtain justice for those already injured. Your support is essential to CHD’s successful mission.

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